Psalm 88:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Your wrath has swept over me; your dreadful assaults destroy me.

King James Bible
Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.

American Standard Version
Thy fierce wrath is gone over me; Thy terrors have cut me off.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy wrath hath come upon me: and thy terrors have troubled me.

English Revised Version
Thy fierce wrath is gone over me; thy terrors have cut me off.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.

Psalm 88:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The octastichs are now followed by hexastichs which belong together in pairs. The complaint concerning the alienation of his nearest relations sounds like Job 19:13., but the same strain is also frequently heard in the earlier Psalms written in times of suffering, e.g., Psalm 31:9. He is forsaken by all his familiar friends (not: acquaintances, for מידּע signifies more than that), he is alone in the dungeon of wretchedness, where no one comes near him, and whence he cannot make his escape. This sounds, according to Leviticus 13, very much like the complaint of a leper. The Book of Leviticus there passes over from the uncleanness attending the beginning of human life to the uncleanness of the most terrible disease. Disease is the middle stage between birth and death, and, according to the Eastern notion, leprosy is the worst of all diseases, it is death itself clinging to the still living man (Numbers 12:12), and more than all other evils a stroke of the chastening hand of God (נגע), a scourge of God (צרעת). The man suspected of having leprosy was to be subjected to a seven days' quarantine until the determination of the priest's diagnosis; and if the leprosy was confirmed, he was to dwell apart outside the camp (Leviticus 13:46), where, though not imprisoned, he was nevertheless separated from his dwelling and his family (cf. Job, at Job 19:19), and if a man of position, would feel himself condemned to a state of involuntary retirement. It is natural to refer the כּלא, which is closely connected with שׁתּני, to this separation. עיני, Psalm 88:10, instead of עיני, as in Psalm 6:8; Psalm 31:10 : his eye has languished, vanished away (דּאב of the same root as tābescere, cognate with the root of דּונג, Psalm 68:3), in consequence of (his) affliction. He calls and calls upon Jahve, stretches out (שׁטּח, expandere, according to the Arabic, more especially after the manner of a roof) his hands (palmas) towards Him, in order to shield himself from His wrath and to lead Him compassionately to give ear to him. In Psalm 88:11-13 he bases his cry for help upon a twofold wish, viz., to become an object of the miraculous help of God, and to be able to praise Him for it. Neither of these wishes would be realized if he were to die; for that which lies beyond this life is uniform darkness, devoid of any progressive history. With מתים alternates רפאים (sing. רפא), the relaxed ones, i.e., shades (σκιαὶ) of the nether world. With reference to יודוּ instead of להודות, vid., Ewald, 337, b. Beside חשׁך (Job 10:21.) stands ארץ נשׁיּה, the land of forgetfulness (λήθη), where there is an end of all thinking, feeling, and acting (Ecclesiastes 9:5-6, Ecclesiastes 9:10), and where the monotony of death, devoid of thought and recollection, reigns. Such is the representation given in the Old Testament of the state beyond the present, even in Ecclesiastes, and in the Apocrypha (Sir. 17:27f. after Isaiah 38:18.; Baruch 2:17f.); and it was obliged to be thus represented, for in the New Testament not merely the conception of the state after death, but this state itself, is become a different one.

Psalm 88:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fierce

Psalm 38:1,2 O lord, rebuke me not in your wrath: neither chasten me in your hot displeasure...

Psalm 89:46 How long, LORD? will you hide yourself for ever? shall your wrath burn like fire?

Psalm 90:7,11 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled...

Psalm 102:10 Because of your indignation and your wrath: for you have lifted me up, and cast me down.

Isaiah 53:4-6 Surely he has borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted...

Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written...

Revelation 6:17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

cut me

Isaiah 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living...

Daniel 9:26 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself...

Cross References
2 Chronicles 28:11
Now hear me, and send back the captives from your relatives whom you have taken, for the fierce wrath of the LORD is upon you."

Isaiah 13:13
Therefore I will make the heavens tremble, and the earth will be shaken out of its place, at the wrath of the LORD of hosts in the day of his fierce anger.

Lamentations 1:12
"Is it nothing to you, all you who pass by? Look and see if there is any sorrow like my sorrow, which was brought upon me, which the LORD inflicted on the day of his fierce anger.

Lamentations 3:54
water closed over my head; I said, 'I am lost.'

Ezekiel 37:11
Then he said to me, "Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Behold, they say, 'Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost; we are indeed cut off.'

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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