Psalm 89:5
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Let the heavens praise your wonders, O LORD, your faithfulness in the assembly of the holy ones!

King James Bible
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.

American Standard Version
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Jehovah; Thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The heavens shall confess thy wonders, O Lord: and thy truth in the church of the saints.

English Revised Version
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD; thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD; thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.

Psalm 89:5 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

He who complains thus without knowing any comfort, and yet without despairing, gathers himself up afresh for prayer. With ואני he contrasts himself with the dead who are separated from God's manifestation of love. Being still in life, although under wrath that apparently has no end, he strains every nerve to struggle through in prayer until he shall reach God's love. His complaints are petitions, for they are complaints that are poured forth before God. The destiny under which for a long time he has been more like one dying than living, reaches back even into his youth. מנּער (since נער is everywhere undeclined) is equivalent to מנּערי. The ἐξηπορήθην of the lxx is the right indicator for the understanding of the ἅπαξ λ.ε.γ. אפוּנה. Aben-Ezra and Kimchi derive it from פּן, like עלה from על,

(Note: The derivation is not contrary to the genius of the language; the supplementing productive force of the language displayed in the liturgical poetry of the synagogue, also changes particles into verbs: vid., Zunz, Die synagogaie Poesie des Mittelalters, S. 421.)

and assign to it the signification of dubitare. But it may be more safely explained after the Arabic words Arab. afana, afina, ma'fûn (root 'f, to urge forwards, push), in which the fundamental notion of driving back, narrowing and exhausting, is transferred to a weakening or weakness of the intellect. We might also compare פּנה, Arab. faniya, "to disappear, vanish, pass away;" but the ἐξηπορήθην of the lxx favours the kinship with that Arab. afina, infirma mente et consilii inops fuit,

(Note: Abulwald also explains אפוּנה after the Arabic, but in a way that cannot be accepted, viz., "for a long time onwards," from the Arabic iffân (ibbân, iff, afaf, ifâf, taiffah), time, period - time conceived of in the onward rush, the constant succession of its moments.)

which has been already compared by Castell. The aorist of the lxx, however, is just as erroneous in this instance as in Psalm 42:5; Psalm 55:3; Psalm 57:5. In all these instances the cohortative denotes the inward result following from an outward compulsion, as they say in Hebrew: I lay hold of trembling (Isaiah 13:8; Job 18:20; Job 21:6) or joy (Isaiah 35:10; Isaiah 51:11), when the force of circumstances drive one into such states of mind. Labouring under the burden of divine dispensations of a terrifying character, he finds himself in a state of mental weakness and exhaustion, or of insensible (senseless) fright; over him as their destined goal before many others go God's burnings of wrath (plur. only in this instance), His terrible decrees (vid., concerning בעת on Psalm 18:5) have almost annihilated him. צמּתתוּני is not an impossible form (Olshausen, 251, a), but an intensive form of צמּתוּ, the last part of the already inflected verb being repeated, as in עהבוּ הבוּ, Hosea 4:18 (cf. in the department of the noun, פּיפיּות, edge-edges equals many edges, Psalm 149:6), perhaps under the influence of the derivative.

(Note: Heidenheim interprets: Thy terrors are become to me as צמתת (Leviticus 25:23), i.e., inalienably my own.)

The corrections צמתּתני (from צמתת) or צמּתתני (from צמּת) are simple enough; but it is more prudent to let tradition judge of that which is possible in the usage of the language. In Psalm 88:18 the burnings become floods; the wrath of God can be compared to every destroying and overthrowing element. The billows threaten to swallow him up, without any helping hand being stretched out to him on the part of any of his lovers and friends. In v. 19a to be now explained according to Job 16:14, viz., My familiar friends are gloomy darkness; i.e., instead of those who were hitherto my familiars (Job 19:14), darkness is become my familiar friend? One would have thought that it ought then to have been מידּעי (Schnurrer), or, according to Proverbs 7:4, מודעי, and that, in connection with this sense of the noun, מחשׁך ought as subject to have the precedence, that consequently מידּעי is subject and מחשׁך predicate: my familiar friends have lost themselves in darkness, are become absolutely invisible (Hitzig at last). But the regular position of the words is kept to if it is interpreted: my familiar friends are reduced to gloomy darkness as my familiar friend, and the plural is justified by Job 19:14 : Mother and sister (do I call) the worm. With this complaint the harp falls from the poet's hands. He is silent, and waits on God, that He may solve this riddle of affliction. From the Book of Job we might infer that He also actually appeared to him. He is more faithful than men. No soul that in the midst of wrath lays hold upon His love, whether with a firm or with a trembling hand, is suffered to be lost.

Psalm 89:5 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

heavens

Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows his handiwork.

Psalm 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God is judge himself. Selah.

Psalm 97:6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.

Isaiah 44:23 Sing, O you heavens; for the LORD has done it: shout, you lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, you mountains...

Luke 2:10-15 And the angel said to them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people...

Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now to the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,

1 Peter 1:12 To whom it was revealed, that not to themselves, but to us they did minister the things...

Revelation 5:11-14 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders...

Revelation 7:10-12 And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sits on the throne, and to the Lamb...

in the congregation

Psalm 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.

Deuteronomy 33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir to them; he shined forth from mount Paran...

Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered to him...

2 Thessalonians 1:7 And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,

Hebrews 12:22,23 But you are come to mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels...

Jude 1:14,15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his saints...

Revelation 19:1-6 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power...

Cross References
Job 5:1
"Call now; is there anyone who will answer you? To which of the holy ones will you turn?

Psalm 1:5
Therefore the wicked will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous;

Psalm 19:1
The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.

Psalm 50:6
The heavens declare his righteousness, for God himself is judge! Selah

Psalm 89:1
I will sing of the steadfast love of the LORD, forever; with my mouth I will make known your faithfulness to all generations.

Psalm 89:7
a God greatly to be feared in the council of the holy ones, and awesome above all who are around him?

Psalm 97:6
The heavens proclaim his righteousness, and all the peoples see his glory.

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