Psalm 94:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They pour out their arrogant words; all the evildoers boast.

King James Bible
How long shall they utter and speak hard things? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?

American Standard Version
They prate, they speak arrogantly: All the workers of iniquity boast themselves.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall they utter, and speak iniquity: shall all speak who work injustice?

English Revised Version
They prate, they speak arrogantly: all the workers of iniquity boast themselves.

Webster's Bible Translation
How long shall they utter and speak hard things? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?

Psalm 94:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

All the raging of the world, therefore, will not be able to hinder the progress of the kingdom of God and its final breaking through to the glory of victory. The sea with its mighty mass of waters, with the constant unrest of its waves, with its ceaseless pressing against the solid land and foaming against the rocks, is an emblem of the Gentile world alienated from and at enmity with God; and the rivers (floods) are emblems of worldly kingdoms, as the Nile of the Egyptian (Jeremiah 44:7.), the Euphrates of the Assyrian (Isaiah 8:7.), or more exactly, the Tigris, swift as an arrow, of the Assyrian, and the tortuous Euphrates of the Babylonian empire (Isaiah 27:1). These rivers, as the poet says whilst he raises a plaintive but comforted look upwards to Jahve, have lifted up, have lifted up their murmur, the rivers lift up their roaring. The thought is unfolded in a so-called "parallelism with reservation." The perfects affirm what has taken place, the future that which even now as yet is taking place. The ἅπαξ λεγ. דּכי signifies a striking against (collisio), and a noise, a din. One now in Psalm 93:4 looks for the thought that Jahve is exalted above this roaring of the waves. מן will therefore be the min of comparison, not of the cause: "by reason of the roar of great waters are the breakers of the sea glorious" (Starck, Geier), - which, to say nothing more, is a tautological sentence. But if מן is comparative, then it is impossible to get on with the accentuation of אדירים, whether it be with Mercha (Ben-Asher) or Dechמ (Ben-Naphtali). For to render: More than the roar of great waters are the breakers of the sea glorious (Mendelssohn), is impracticable, since מים רבים are nothing less than ים (Isaiah 17:12.), and we are prohibited from taking אדירים משׁברי־ים as a parenthesis (Kצster), by the fact that it is just this clause that is exceeded by אדיר במרום ה. Consequently אדירים has to be looked upon as a second attributive to מים brought in afterwards, and משׁבּרי־ים (the waves of the sea breaking upon the rocks, or even only breaking upon one another) as a more minute designation of these great and magnificent waters (אדירים, according to Exodus 15:10),

(Note: A Talmudic enigmatical utterance of R. Azaria runs: באדירים יבא אדיר ויפרע לאדירים מאדירים, Let the glorious One (Jahve, Psalm 93:4, cf. Isaiah 10:34; Isaiah 33:21) come and maintain the right of the glorious ones (Israel, Psalm 16:3) against the glorious ones (the Egyptians, Exodus 15:10 according to the construction of the Talmud) in the glorious ones (the waves of the sea, Psalm 93:4).)),

and it should have been accented: מים רבים אדירים משברי ים מקלות. Jahve's celestial majesty towers far above all the noisy majesties here below, whose waves, though lashed never so high, can still never reach His throne. He is King of His people, Lord of His church, which preserves His revelation and worships in His temple. This revelation, by virtue of His unapproachable, all-overpowering kingship, is inviolable; His testimonies, which minister to the establishment of His kingdom and promise its future manifestation in glory, are λόγοι πιστοί καὶ ἀληθινοί, Revelation 19:9; Revelation 22:6. And holiness becometh His temple (נאוה־קדשׁ, 3rd praet. Pilel, or according to the better attested reading of Heidenheim and Baer, נאוה;

(Note: The Masora on Psalm 147 reckons four נאוה, one ונאוה, and one נאוה eno d, and therefore our נאוה is one of the יז מלין דמפקין אלף וכל חד לית מפיק (cf. Frensdorf's Ochla we-Ochla, p. 123), i.e., one of the seventeen words whose Aleph is audible, whilst it is otherwise always quiescent; e.g., כּמוצאת, otherwise מוצאת.)

therefore the feminine of the adjective with a more loosened syllable next to the tone, like יחשׁב־לּי in Psalm 40:18), that is to say, it is inviolable (sacrosanct), and when it is profaned, shall ever be vindicated again in its holiness. This clause, formulated after the manner of a prayer, is at the same time a petition that Jahve in all time to come would be pleased to thoroughly secure the place where His honour dwells here below against profanation.

Psalm 94:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shall

Psalm 31:18 Let the lying lips be put to silence; which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously against the righteous.

Psalm 59:7,12 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, does hear...

Psalm 64:3,4 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot their arrows, even bitter words...

Psalm 73:8,9 They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily...

Psalm 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.

Proverbs 30:14 There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth...

Jeremiah 18:18 Then said they, Come and let us devise devices against Jeremiah; for the law shall not perish from the priest, nor counsel from the wise...

Matthew 12:24,34 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow does not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils...

Jude 1:14,15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his saints...

boast

Psalm 10:2-7 The wicked in his pride does persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined...

Psalm 52:1 Why boast you yourself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God endures continually.

Exodus 15:9,10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied on them; I will draw my sword...

Job 21:14,15 Therefore they say to God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of your ways...

Isaiah 10:13-15 For he said, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people...

Isaiah 37:24,25 By your servants have you reproached the Lord, and have said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains...

Daniel 7:8,11,25 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn...

Daniel 8:11 Yes, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away...

Daniel 11:36,37 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god...

Revelation 13:5,6 And there was given to him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given to him to continue forty and two months...

Cross References
Psalm 10:3
For the wicked boasts of the desires of his soul, and the one greedy for gain curses and renounces the LORD.

Psalm 31:18
Let the lying lips be mute, which speak insolently against the righteous in pride and contempt.

Psalm 52:1
Why do you boast of evil, O mighty man? The steadfast love of God endures all the day.

Psalm 59:7
There they are, bellowing with their mouths with swords in their lips-- for "Who," they think, "will hear us?"

Psalm 75:5
do not lift up your horn on high, or speak with haughty neck.'"

Psalm 92:7
that though the wicked sprout like grass and all evildoers flourish, they are doomed to destruction forever;

Psalm 125:5
But those who turn aside to their crooked ways the LORD will lead away with evildoers! Peace be upon Israel!

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