Psalm 96:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised; he is to be feared above all gods.

King James Bible
For the LORD is great, and greatly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods.

American Standard Version
For great is Jehovah, and greatly to be praised: He is to be feared above all gods.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For the Lord is great, and exceedingly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods.

English Revised Version
For great is the LORD, and highly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods.

Webster's Bible Translation
For the LORD is great, and greatly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods.

Psalm 96:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The second decastich begins in the midst of the Masoretic Psalm 95:7. Up to this point the church stirs itself up to a worshipping appearing before its God; now the voice of God (Hebrews 4:7), earnestly admonishing, meets it, resounding from out of the sanctuary. Since שׁמע בּ signifies not merely to hear, but to hear obediently, Psalm 95:7 cannot be a conditioning protasis to what follows. Hengstenberg wishes to supply the apodosis: "then will He bless you, His people;" but אם in other instances too (Psalm 81:9; Psalm 139:19; Proverbs 24:11), like לוּ, has an optative signification, which it certainly has gained by a suppression of a promissory apodosis, but yet without the genius of the language having any such in mind in every instance. The word היּום placed first gives prominence to the present, in which this call to obedience goes forth, as a decisive turning-point. The divine voice warningly calls to mind the self-hardening of Israel, which came to light at Merמbah, on the day of Massah. What is referred to, as also in Psalm 81:8, is the tempting of God in the second year of the Exodus on account of the failing of water in the neighbourhood of Horeb, at the place which is for this reason called Massah u-Merı̂bah (Exodus 17:1-7); from which is to be distinguished the tempting of God in the fortieth year of the Exodus at Merı̂bah, viz., at the waters of contention near Kadesh (written fully Mê-Merı̂bah Kadesh, or more briefly Mê-Merı̂bah), Numbers 20:2-13 (cf. on Psalm 78:20). Strictly כמריבה signifies nothing but instar Meribae, as in Psalm 83:10 instar Midianitarum; but according to the sense, כּ is equivalent to כּעל. Psalm 106:32, just as כּיום is equivalent to כּביום. On אשׁר, quum, cf. Deuteronomy 11:6. The meaning of גּם־ראוּ פעלי is not they also (גם as in Psalm 52:7) saw His work; for the reference to the giving of water out of the rock would give a thought that is devoid of purpose here, and the assertion is too indefinite for it to be understood of the judgment upon those who tempted God (Hupfeld and Hitzig). It is therefore rather to be rendered: notwithstanding (ho'moos, Ew. 354, a) they had ( equals although they had, cf. גם in Isaiah 49:15) seen His work (His wondrous guiding and governing), and might therefore be sure that He would not suffer them to be destroyed. The verb קוּט coincides with κοτέω, κότος. בּדּור .ען, for which the lxx has τῇ γενεᾷ ἐκείνη, is anarthrous in order that the notion may be conceived of more qualitatively than relatively: with a (whole) generation. With ואמר Jahve calls to mind the repeated declarations of His vexation concerning their heart, which was always inclined towards error which leads to destruction - declarations, however, which bore no fruit. Just this ineffectiveness of His indignation had as its result that (אשׁר, not ὅτι but ὥστε, as in Genesis 13:16; Deuteronomy 28:27, Deuteronomy 28:51; 2 Kings 9:37, and frequently) He sware, etc. (אם equals verily not, Gesen. 155, 2, f, with the emphatic future form in n which follows). It is the oath in Numbers 14:27. that is meant. The older generation died in the desert, and therefore lost the entering into the rest of God, by reason of their disobedience. If now, many centuries after Moses, they are invited in the Davidic Psalter to submissive adoration of Jahve, with the significant call: "To-day if ye will hearken to His voice!" and with a reference to the warning example of the fathers, the obedience of faith, now as formerly, has therefore to look forward to the gracious reward of entering into God's rest, which the disobedient at that time lost; and the taking possession of Canaan was, therefore, not as yet the final מנוּחה (Deuteronomy 12:9). This is the connection of the wider train of thought which to the writer of the Epistle to the Hebrews Heb 3:1, Hebrews 4:1, follows from this text of the Psalm.

Psalm 96:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

for the

Psalm 18:3 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from my enemies.

Psalm 86:10 For you are great, and do wondrous things: you are God alone.

Psalm 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.

Psalm 145:3 Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised; and his greatness is unsearchable.

Exodus 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

1 Samuel 4:8 Woe to us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods?...

Nehemiah 9:5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah...

and greatly

Psalm 18:3 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from my enemies.

he is

Psalm 66:3,5 Say to God, How terrible are you in your works! through the greatness of your power shall your enemies submit themselves to you...

Psalm 76:7 You, even you, are to be feared: and who may stand in your sight when once you are angry?

Psalm 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.

Psalm 95:3 For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence...

Jeremiah 10:6,7 For as much as there is none like to you, O LORD; you are great, and your name is great in might...

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom you shall fear: Fear him, which after he has killed has power to cast into hell; yes, I say to you...

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only are holy: for all nations shall come and worship before you...

Cross References
2 Samuel 22:4
I call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies.

Psalm 18:3
I call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised, and I am saved from my enemies.

Psalm 48:1
Great is the LORD and greatly to be praised in the city of our God! His holy mountain,

Psalm 76:7
But you, you are to be feared! Who can stand before you when once your anger is roused?

Psalm 89:7
a God greatly to be feared in the council of the holy ones, and awesome above all who are around him?

Psalm 95:3
For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Psalm 97:9
For you, O LORD, are most high over all the earth; you are exalted far above all gods.

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