Revelation 18:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
cinnamon, spice, incense, myrrh, frankincense, wine, oil, fine flour, wheat, cattle and sheep, horses and chariots, and slaves, that is, human souls.

King James Bible
And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

American Standard Version
and cinnamon, and spice, and incense, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep; and merchandise of horses and chariots and slaves; and souls of men.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And cinnamon, and odours, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

English Revised Version
and cinnamon, and spice, and incense, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep; and merchandise of horses and chariots and slaves; and souls of men.

Webster's Bible Translation
And cinnamon, and odors, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

Weymouth New Testament
Also cinnamon and amomum; odors to burn as incense or for perfume; frankincense, wine, oil; fine flour, wheat, cattle and sheep; horses and carriages and slaves; and the lives of men.

Revelation 18:13 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Cinnamon (κινάμωμον)

Mentioned as one of the ingredients of the holy oil for anointing (Exodus 30:23), and as a perfume for the bed (Proverbs 7:17).

And spice (καὶ ἄμωμον)

These words are added by the best texts. A fragrant Indian plant, with seed in grape-like clusters, from which ointment was made. Preparations for the hair were made from it. Virgil, describing the coming golden age, says: "The Assyrian amomum shall spring up as a common plant" ("Eclogue" iv., 25; Compare "Eclogue" iii., 89). Forbiger (Virgil) says that the best was raised in Armenia, a poorer quality in Media and Pontus.

Fine flour (σεμίδαλιν)

Only here in the New Testament.

Cattle (κτήνη)

See on Luke 10:34.

Merchandise of horses

Merchandise is not in the text. It resumes the construction of γόμον merchandise with the genitive in Revelation 18:12.

Chariots (ῥεδῶν)

A Latin word though of Gallic origin, rheda. It had four wheels.

Revelation 18:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cinnamon.

1 Kings 10:10,15,25 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones...

2 Chronicles 9:9 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious stones...

Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.

Songs 1:3 Because of the smell of your good ointments your name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love you.

Songs 4:13,14 Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard...

Songs 5:5 I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped with myrrh, and my fingers with sweet smelling myrrh, on the handles of the lock.

Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.

John 12:3-8 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair...

slaves. or, bodies.

Exodus 21:16 And he that steals a man, and sells him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brothers of the children of Israel, and makes merchandise of him, or sells him...

Deuteronomy 28:68 And the LORD shall bring you into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spoke to you, You shall see it no more again...

Nehemiah 5:4,5,8 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, and that on our lands and vineyards...

Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom I have put away?...

Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your merchants: they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass in your market.

Amos 2:6 Thus said the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof...

Amos 8:6 That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; yes, and sell the refuse of the wheat?

1 Timothy 1:10 For fornicators, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for enslavers, for liars, for perjured persons...

and souls. By the sale of indulgences, dispensations, absolutions, masses, bulls, etc.

2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingers not...

Cross References
1 Chronicles 5:21
They carried off their livestock: 50,000 of their camels, 250,000 sheep, 2,000 donkeys, and 100,000 men alive.

Song of Solomon 3:6
What is that coming up from the wilderness like columns of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all the fragrant powders of a merchant?

Ezekiel 27:13
Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.

1 Timothy 1:10
the sexually immoral, men who practice homosexuality, enslavers, liars, perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to sound doctrine,

Revelation 18:14
"The fruit for which your soul longed has gone from you, and all your delicacies and your splendors are lost to you, never to be found again!"

Revelation 18:15
The merchants of these wares, who gained wealth from her, will stand far off, in fear of her torment, weeping and mourning aloud,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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