Revelation 18:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For all nations have drunk the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have grown rich from the power of her luxurious living.”

King James Bible
For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

American Standard Version
For by the wine of the wrath of her fornication all the nations are fallen; and the kings of the earth committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth waxed rich by the power of her wantonness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication; and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her; and the merchants of the earth have been made rich by the power of her delicacies.

English Revised Version
For by the wine of the wrath of her fornication all the nations are fallen; and the kings of the earth committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth waxed rich by the power of her wantonness.

Webster's Bible Translation
For all nations have drank of the wine of the wrath of her lewdness, and the kings of the earth have committed lewd deeds with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

Weymouth New Testament
For all the nations have drunk the wine of the anger provoked by her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth have grown rich through her excessive luxury."

Revelation 18:3 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Have drunk (πέπωκεν or πέπωκαν)

Some, however, read πέπτωκαν have fallen. So Rev.

Of the wine (ἐκ τοῦ οἴνου)

Thus if we read have drunk. If we adopt have fallen, ἐκ is instrumental, by. So Rev.

Of the wrath

The wine of fornication has turned to wrath against herself.

Merchants (ἔμποροι)

The word originally means one on a journey by sea or land, especially for traffic. Hence a merchant as distinguished from κάπηλος a retailer or huckster.

The abundance of her delicacies (τῆς δυνάμεως τοῦ στρήνους αὐτῆς)

Lit., as Rev., the power of her luxury. Στρῆνος is akin to στερεός firm, hard, stubborn (see on steadfast, 1 Peter 5:9). Hence over-strength, luxury, wantonness. Only here in the New Testament. The kindred verb στρηνιάω to live deliciously occurs Revelation 18:7, Revelation 18:9.

Revelation 18:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

all.

Revelation 18:9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall mourn her, and lament for her...

Revelation 14:8 And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city...

Revelation 17:2 With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication...

Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon has been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine...

the merchants.

Revelation 18:11-17,23 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buys their merchandise any more...

Isaiah 47:15 Thus shall they be to you with whom you have labored, even your merchants, from your youth: they shall wander every one to his quarter...

2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you...

abundance. or, power.

Proverbs 23:1-3 When you sit to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before you...

her delicacies.

Jeremiah 51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me, he has crushed me, he has made me an empty vessel...

Lamentations 4:5 They that did feed delicately are desolate in the streets: they that were brought up in scarlet embrace dunghills.

Luke 7:25 But what went you out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? Behold, they which are gorgeously appareled, and live delicately...

Cross References
Jeremiah 51:7
Babylon was a golden cup in the LORD's hand, making all the earth drunken; the nations drank of her wine; therefore the nations went mad.

Ezekiel 27:9
The elders of Gebal and her skilled men were in you, caulking your seams; all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to barter for your wares.

Nahum 3:4
And all for the countless whorings of the prostitute, graceful and of deadly charms, who betrays nations with her whorings, and peoples with her charms.

1 Timothy 5:11
But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry

Revelation 14:8
Another angel, a second, followed, saying, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great, she who made all nations drink the wine of the passion of her sexual immorality."

Revelation 17:2
with whom the kings of the earth have committed sexual immorality, and with the wine of whose sexual immorality the dwellers on earth have become drunk."

Revelation 18:7
As she glorified herself and lived in luxury, so give her a like measure of torment and mourning, since in her heart she says, 'I sit as a queen, I am no widow, and mourning I shall never see.'

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Abundance Acts Adulteries Anger Commit Committed Deeds Delicacies Desires Destruction Drank Drunk Earth Enriched Evil Excessive Fallen Fornication Fury Grew Grown Immorality Impure Increased Kings Luxury Maddening Merchants Nations Passion Provoked Rich Sensuality Sexual Themselves Unclean Wantonness Waxed Ways Wealth Whoredom Wine Wrath
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