English Standard Version
“And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: ‘The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.
King James Bible
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
American Standard Version
and to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:
And to the angel of the church of Pergamus write: These things, saith he, that hath the sharp two edged sword:
English Revised Version
And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write; These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:
Webster's Bible Translation
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he who hath the sharp sword with two edges;
Weymouth New Testament
"To the minister of the Church at Pergamum write as follows: "'This is what He who has the sharp, two-edged sword says. I know where you dwell.
Revelation 2:12 Parallel
CommentaryVincent's Word Studies
The proper form of the name is Pergamum. It was situated in Teuthrania in Mysia, in a district watered by three rivers, by one of which it communicated with the sea. The original city was built on a lofty hill, which afterward became the citadel as houses sprang up around its base. The local legends attached a sacred character to the place, which, together with its natural strength, made it a place of deposit for royal treasure. The city was mainly indebted to Eumenes II.((b.c. 197-159) for its embellishment and extension. In addition to walks and public buildings, he founded the library, which contained two-hundred-thousand volumes, and was second only to that of Alexandria. The kingdom of Pergamum became a Roman province b.c. 130; but the city continued to flourish, so that Pliny styled it by far the most illustrious of Asia. All the main roads of Western Asia converged there. Pergamum was celebrated for the manufacture of ointments, pottery, tapestries, and parchment, which derives its name (charta Pergamena) from the city. It contained a celebrated and much-frequented temple of Aesculapius, who was worshipped in the form of a living serpent fed in the temple. Hence Aesculapius was called the God of Pergamum, and on the coins struck by the town he often appears with a rod encircled by a serpent. The great glory of the city was the Nicephorium, a grove of great beauty containing an assemblage of temples. The city has been described as a sort of union of a pagan cathedral-city, a university-town, and a royal residence, embellished during a succession of years by kings who all had a passion for expenditure and ample means of gratifying it. The streams which embraced the town irrigated the groves of Nicephorium and of Aesculapius, in which flourished the licentious rites of pagan antiquity. The sacred character of the city appears in coins and inscriptions which described the Pergamenes by the title claimed by the worshippers of Diana at Ephesus, νεωκόροι temple-sweepers or sacristans.
The sharp sword with two edges
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
the angel. See on ver.
Pergamos. Pergamos, now Bergamo, the ancient metropolis of Mysia, and the residence of the Attalian kings, is situated on the river Caicus, about sixty miles north of Smyrna, in long.
? E. lat.
11' N. It still retains some measure of its ancient importance; containing a population of
15,000 souls, and having nine or ten mosques, two churches, and one synagogue.
He made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand he hid me; he made me a polished arrow; in his quiver he hid me away.
saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."
In his right hand he held seven stars, from his mouth came a sharp two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining in full strength.
Therefore repent. If not, I will come to you soon and war against them with the sword of my mouth.
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