Revelation 21:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with every kind of jewel. The first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, the fourth emerald,

King James Bible
And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

American Standard Version
The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper: the second, sapphire: the third, a chalcedony: the fourth, an emerald:

English Revised Version
The foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald;

Webster's Bible Translation
And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

Weymouth New Testament
As for the foundation-stones of the city wall, which were beautified with various kinds of precious stones, the first was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius,

Revelation 21:19 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

All manner of precious stones

Compare Isaiah 54;11, Isaiah 12:1-6; 1 Chronicles 29:2.

Sapphire (σάπφειρος)

Compare Isaiah 54:11; Ezekiel 1:26. Probably lapis lazuli. Our sapphire is supposed to be represented by the jacinth in Revelation 21:20. Pliny describes the σάπφειρος as opaque and sprinkled with specks of gold, and states that it came from Media (i.e. Persia and Bokhara) whence the supply is brought to this day. King ("Precious Stones and Gems," cited by Lee), says: "Before the true precious stones were introduced from India, the lapis lazuli held the highest place in the estimation of the primitive nations of Asia and Greece; in fact it was almost the only stone known to them having beauty of color to recommend it."

Chalcedony (χαλκηδών)

From Chalcedon, where the stone was found in the neighboring copper mines. It was probably an inferior species of emerald, as crystal of carbonate of copper, which is still popularly called "the copper emerald." Pliny describes it as small and brittle, changing its color when moved about, like the green feathers in the necks of peacocks and pigeons.

Emerald

See on Revelation 4:3.

Revelation 21:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the foundations.

Job 28:16-19 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire...

Proverbs 3:15 She is more precious than rubies: and all the things you can desire are not to be compared to her.

Isaiah 54:11,12 O you afflicted, tossed with tempest, and not comforted, behold, I will lay your stones with fair colors...

sapphire. See on

Exodus 28:17-21 And you shall set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle...

Exodus 29:10-14 And you shall cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation...

Cross References
Exodus 28:17
You shall set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle shall be the first row;

Isaiah 54:11
"O afflicted one, storm-tossed and not comforted, behold, I will set your stones in antimony, and lay your foundations with sapphires.

Ezekiel 28:13
You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, emerald, and carbuncle; and crafted in gold were your settings and your engravings. On the day that you were created they were prepared.

Revelation 4:3
And he who sat there had the appearance of jasper and carnelian, and around the throne was a rainbow that had the appearance of an emerald.

Revelation 21:11
having the glory of God, its radiance like a most rare jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.

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Adorned Agate Bases Beautified Beautiful City City's Emerald Fifth First Foundation Foundations Fourth Garnished Jasper Jewel Kinds Manner ones Ornaments Precious Sapphire Sardius Sardonyx Second Sixth Sorts Stones Third Various Wall Walls
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Adorned Agate Bases Beautified Beautiful City City's Emerald Fifth First Foundation Foundations Fourth Garnished Jasper Jewel Kinds Manner ones Ornaments Precious Sapphire Sardius Sardonyx Second Sixth Sorts Stones Third Various Wall Walls
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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