Revelation 6:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And I looked, and behold, a pale horse! And its rider’s name was Death, and Hades followed him. And they were given authority over a fourth of the earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by wild beasts of the earth.

King James Bible
And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

American Standard Version
And I saw, and behold, a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his name was Death; and Hades followed with him. And there was given unto them authority over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with famine, and with death, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And behold a pale horse, and he that sat upon him, his name was Death, and hell followed him. And power was given to him over the four parts of the earth, to kill with sword, with famine, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

English Revised Version
And I saw, and behold, a pale horse: and he that sat upon him, his name was Death; and Hades followed with him. And there was given unto them authority over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with famine, and with death, and by the wild beasts of the earth.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I looked, and behold, a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and hell followed with him. And power was given to them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

Weymouth New Testament
I looked and a pale-colored horse appeared. Its rider's name was Death, and Hades came close behind him; and authority was given to them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with the sword or with famine or pestilence or by means of the wild beasts of the earth.

Revelation 6:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Pale (χλωρὸς)

Only in Revelation, except Mark 6:39. Properly, greenish-yellow, like young grass or unripe wheat. Homer applies it to honey, and Sophocles to the sand. Generally, pale, pallid. Used of a mist, of sea-water, of a pale or bilious complexion. Thucydides uses it of the appearance of persons stricken with the plague (ii., 49). In Homer it is used of the paleness of the face from fear, and so as directly descriptive of fear ("Iliad," x., 376; xv., 4). Of olive wood ("Odyssey," ix., 320, 379) of which the bark is gray. Gladstone says that in Homer it indicates rather the absence than the presence of definite color. In the New Testament, always rendered green, except here. See Mark 6:39; Revelation 8:7; Revelation 9:14.

Hell

Properly, Hades. The realm of the dead personified. See on Matthew 16:18.

Power (ἐξουσία)

See on Mark 2:10; see on 2 Peter 2:11. Rev., better, authority.

With the sword (ἐν ῥομφαίᾳ)

Another word for sword. Compare Revelation 6:4, and see on Luke 2:35.

With death (ἐι θανάτῳ)

Or pestilence. The Hebrew deber, pestilence, is rendered by the Greek word for death in the Septuagint. See Jeremiah 14:12; Jeremiah 21:7. Compare the term black-death applied to an Oriental plague which raged in the fourteenth century.

With the beasts (ὑπὸ τῶν θηρίων)

Rev., by. The preposition ὑπό by is used here instead of ἐν in or with, indicating more definitely the actual agent of destruction; while ἐν denotes the element in which the destruction takes place, and gives a general indication of the manner in which it was wrought. With these four judgments compare Ezekiel 14:21.

Revelation 6:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

pale.

Zechariah 6:3 And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot spotted and bay horses.

was Death.

Revelation 20:13,14 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them...

Isaiah 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces...

Hosea 13:14 I will ransom them from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be your plagues; O grave...

Habakkuk 2:5 Yes also, because he transgresses by wine, he is a proud man, neither keeps at home, who enlarges his desire as hell, and is as death...

1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where is your sting? O grave, where is your victory?

*marg:

unto them. or, to him. over.

Revelation 8:7-12 The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast on the earth...

Revelation 9:15,18 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year...

Revelation 12:4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth...

kill.

Leviticus 26:22-33 I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number...

Jeremiah 15:2,3 And it shall come to pass, if they say to you, Where shall we go forth? then you shall tell them, Thus said the LORD...

Jeremiah 16:4,16 They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried...

Jeremiah 43:11 And when he comes, he shall smite the land of Egypt, and deliver such as are for death to death...

Ezekiel 5:15-17 So it shall be a reproach and a taunt, an instruction and an astonishment to the nations that are round about you...

Ezekiel 14:13-21 Son of man, when the land sins against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out my hand on it...

Cross References
Proverbs 5:5
Her feet go down to death; her steps follow the path to Sheol;

Jeremiah 14:12
Though they fast, I will not hear their cry, and though they offer burnt offering and grain offering, I will not accept them. But I will consume them by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence."

Jeremiah 15:2
And when they ask you, 'Where shall we go?' you shall say to them, 'Thus says the LORD: "'Those who are for pestilence, to pestilence, and those who are for the sword, to the sword; those who are for famine, to famine, and those who are for captivity, to captivity.'

Jeremiah 24:10
And I will send sword, famine, and pestilence upon them, until they shall be utterly destroyed from the land that I gave to them and their fathers."

Jeremiah 29:17
Thus says the LORD of hosts, behold, I am sending on them sword, famine, and pestilence, and I will make them like vile figs that are so rotten they cannot be eaten.

Ezekiel 5:12
A third part of you shall die of pestilence and be consumed with famine in your midst; a third part shall fall by the sword all around you; and a third part I will scatter to all the winds and will unsheathe the sword after them.

Ezekiel 5:17
I will send famine and wild beasts against you, and they will rob you of your children. Pestilence and blood shall pass through you, and I will bring the sword upon you. I am the LORD; I have spoken."

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