Ruth 4:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son.

King James Bible
So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

American Standard Version
So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in unto her, and Jehovah gave her conception, and she bare a son.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Booz therefore took Ruth, and married her: and went in unto her, and the Lord gave her to conceive and to bear a son.

English Revised Version
So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and he went in unto her, and the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.

Webster's Bible Translation
So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in to her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son.

Ruth 4:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This declaration he confirmed by what was a usual custom at that time in renouncing a right. This early custom is described in Ruth 4:7, and there its application to the case before us is mentioned afterwards. "Now this was (took place) formerly in Israel in redeeming and exchanging, to confirm every transaction: A man took off his shoe and gave it to another, and this was a testimony in Israel." From the expression "formerly," and also from the description given of the custom in question, it follows that it had gone out of use at the time when our book was composed. The custom itself, which existed among the Indians and the ancient Germans, arose from the fact that fixed property was taken possession of by treading upon the soil, and hence taking off the shoe and handing it to another was a symbol of the transfer of a possession or right of ownership (see the remarks on Deuteronomy 25:9 and my Bibl. Archol. ii. p. 66). The Piel קיּם is rarely met with in Hebrew; in the present instance it was probably taken from the old legal phraseology. The only other places in which it occurs are Ezekiel 13:6; Psalm 119:28, Psalm 119:106, and the book of Esther, where it is used more frequently as a Chaldaism.

Ruth 4:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2697 B.C.

1307 An. Ex. Is.

184
Boaz

Ruth 3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to you all that you require...

the Lord

Ruth 4:12 And let your house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bore to Judah...

Genesis 20:17,18 So Abraham prayed to God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bore children...

Genesis 21:1-3 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did to Sarah as he had spoken...

Genesis 25:21 And Isaac entreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was entreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.

Genesis 29:31 And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren.

Genesis 30:2,22,23 And Jacob's anger was kindled against Rachel: and he said, Am I in God's stead, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb...

Genesis 33:5 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who are those with you? And he said...

1 Samuel 1:27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked of him:

1 Samuel 2:5 They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren has born seven...

Psalm 113:9 He makes the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise you the LORD.

Psalm 127:3 See, children are an heritage of the LORD: and the fruit of the womb is his reward.

Cross References
Genesis 29:31
When the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb, but Rachel was barren.

Genesis 33:5
And when Esau lifted up his eyes and saw the women and children, he said, "Who are these with you?" Jacob said, "The children whom God has graciously given your servant."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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