Song of Solomon 1:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.

King James Bible
The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

American Standard Version
The Song of songs, which is Solomon's.

Douay-Rheims Bible

English Revised Version
The Song of songs, which is Solomon's.

Webster's Bible Translation
The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

Song of Solomon 1:1 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In connection with Ecclesiastes 12:8, where Koheleth has spoken his last word, the author, who has introduced him as speaking thereto, continues: "And, moreover, because Koheleth was wise he taught the people knowledge; he applied and searched out and formed may proverbs." The postscript begins with "and" because it is connected with the concluding words of the book - only externally, however; nothing is more unwarrantable than to make Ecclesiastes 12:8 the beginning of the postscript on account of the vav. The lxx translate καὶ περισσὸν (Venet. περιττὸν) ὃτι; as Hitz.: "it remains (to be said) that Koheleth was a wise man," etc.; and Dale may be right, that ויתר is in this sense as subj., pointed with Zakeph gadhol (cf. Genesis 16:16; Genesis 20:4, and the obj. thus pointed, Exodus 23:3). But that Koheleth was "a wise man" is nothing remaining to be said, for as such he certainly speaks in the whole book from beginning to end; the עוד, unconnected, following, shows that this his property is presupposed as needing no further testimony. But untenable also is the translation: So much the greater Koheleth was as a wise man so much the more, etc. (Heinem., Sdfeld); עוד does not signify eo magis; the Heb. language has a different way of expressing such an intensification: כל הגדול מחברו יצרו גדול ממנו, i.e., the higher the position is which one assumes, so much the greater are the temptations to which he is exposed. Rightly, Luther: "This same preacher was not only wise, but," etc. ויתר signifies, Ecclesiastes 7:11, "and an advance (benefit, gain);" here שׁ ויתר, "and something going beyond this, that," etc. - thought of as accus.-adv.: "going beyond this, that equals moreover, because" (Gesen., Knobel, Vaih., Ginsb., Grtz); vid. Thus 'od is in order, which introduces that which goes beyond the property and position of a "wise man" as such. That which goes beyond does not consist in this, that he taught the people knowledge, for that is just the meaning of the name Koheleth; the statement which 'od introduces is contained in the concluding member of the compound sentence; the after-word begins with this, that it designates the Koheleth who appears in the more esoteric book before us as חכם, as the very same person who also composed the comprehensive people's book, the Mishle. He has taught the people knowledge; for he has placed, i.e., formed "stellen," to place, as "Schriftsteller" equals author; modern Heb. מחבּר; Arab. muṣannif),

(Note: Cogn. in the meaning "verfassen" equals to compose, is יסד; vid., Zunz' Aufs.: "To compose and to translate," expressed in Heb. in Deut. Morg. Zeitsch. xxv. p. 435ff.)

many proverbs, as the fruit of nature reflection and diligent research. The obj. meshalim harbēh belongs only to tiqqēn, which ἀσυνδέτως (according to the style of the epilogue and of the book, as is shown above) follows the two preparative mental efforts, whose resultat it was. Rightly, as to the syntax, Zckler, and, as to the matter, Hitzig: "Apparently the author has here not 1 Kings 5:12, but the canonical Book of Proverbs in his eye." The language is peculiar. Not only is תּקּן exclusively peculiar to the Book of Koheleth, but also אזן, perpendere (cf. Assyr. uzunu, reflection), to consider, and the Pih. חקּר. Regarding the position of harbeh,

(Note: Harbeh běchěh, Ezra 10:1, which signifies "making much weeping," makes not exception in favour of the scribe. Cf. hatsne'a lecheth, Micah 6:8; haphlē vaphělě, Isaiah 29:14.)

Song of Solomon 1:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


1 Kings 4:32 And he spoke three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.

Cross References
1 Kings 4:32
He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005.

Song of Solomon 1:2
Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth! For your love is better than wine;

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Ecclesiastes 12:14
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