Song of Solomon 4:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Your lips are like a scarlet thread, and your mouth is lovely. Your cheeks are like halves of a pomegranate behind your veil.

King James Bible
Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech is comely: thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.

American Standard Version
Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, And thy mouth is comely. Thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate Behind thy veil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thy lips are as a scarlet lace: and thy speech sweet. Thy cheeks are as a piece of a pomegranate, besides that which lieth hid within.

English Revised Version
Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, and thy mouth is comely: thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate behind thy veil.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech is comely: thy temples are like a piece of pomegranate within thy locks.

Song of Solomon 4:3 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The description of the palanquin now following, one easily attributes to another voice from the midst of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

7 Lo! Solomon's palanquin,

   Threescore heroes are around it,

   Of the heroes of Israel,

8 All of them armed with the sword, expert in war.

   Each with his sword on his thigh,

   Against fear in the nights.

Since אפּריון, 9a, is not by itself a word clearly intelligible, so as to lead us fully to determine what is here meant by מטּה as distinguished from it, we must let the connection determine. We have before us a figure of that which is called in the post-bibl. Heb. כּלה הכנסת (the bringing-home of the bride). The bridegroom either betook himself to her parents' house and fetched his bride thence, which appears to be the idea lying at the foundation of Psalm 45, if, as we believe, the ivory-palaces are those of the king of Israel's house; or she was brought to him in festal procession, and he went forth to meet her, 1 Macc. 9:39 - the prevailing custom, on which the parable of the ten virgins (Matthew 25) is founded.

(Note: Weigand explains the German word Braut (bride) after the Sanscr. prauḍha, "she who is brought in a carriage;" but this particip. signifies nothing more than (aetate) provetca.)

Here the bride comes from a great distance; and the difference in rank between the Galilean maid and the king brings this result, that he does not himself go and fetch her, but that she is brought to him. She comes, not as in old times Rebecca did, riding on a camel, but is carried in a mittā, which is surrounded by an escort for protection and as a mark of honour. Her way certainly led through the wilderness, where it was necessary, by a safe convoy, to provide against the possibility (min in mippahad, cf. Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 25:4) of being attacked by robbers; whereas it would be more difficult to understand why the marriage-bed in the palace of the king of peace (1 Chronicles 22:9) should be surrounded by such an armed band for protection. That Solomon took care to have his chosen one brought to him with royal honours, is seen in the lavish expenditure of spices, the smoke and fragrance of which signalized from afar the approach of the procession, - the mittā, which is now described, can be no other than that in which, sitting or reclining, or half sitting, half reclining, she is placed, who is brought to him in such a cloud of incense. Thus mittā (from nāthā, to stretch oneself out), which elsewhere is also used of a bier, 2 Samuel 3:21 (like the Talm. ערס equals ערשׂ), will here signify a portable bed, a sitting cushion hung round with curtains after the manner of the Indian palanquin, and such as is found on the Turkish caiques or the Venetian gondolas. The appositional nearer definition שׁלּשׁ, "which belonged to Solomon" (vid., under 6b), shows that it was a royal palanquin, not one belonging to one of the nobles of the people. The bearers are unnamed persons, regarding whom nothing is said; the sixty heroes form only the guard for safety and for honour (sauvegarde), or the escorte or convoie. The sixty are the tenth part (the lite) of the royal body-guard, 1 Samuel 27:2; 1 Samuel 30:9, etc. (Schlottm.). If it be asked, Why just 60? we may perhaps not unsuitably reply: The number 60 is here, as at Sol 6:8, the number of Israel multiplied by 5, the fraction of 10; so that thus 60 distinguished warriors form the half to the escort of a king of Israel. חרב אחזי properly means, held fast by the sword so that it goes not let them free, which, according to the sense equals holding fast equals practised in the use of the sword; the Syr. translation of the Apoc. renders παντοκράτωρ by 'he who is held by all," i.e., holding it (cf. Ewald, 149b).

(Note: This deponent use of the part. pass. is common in the Mishna; vid., Geiger's Lehrbuch zur Sprache der Mishna, 16. 5.)

Song of Solomon 4:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Songs 4:11 Your lips, O my spouse, drop as the honeycomb: honey and milk are under your tongue...

Songs 5:13,16 His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers: his lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh...

Songs 7:9 And the roof of your mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goes down sweetly...

Psalm 37:30 The mouth of the righteous speaks wisdom, and his tongue talks of judgment.

Psalm 45:2 You are fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into your lips: therefore God has blessed you for ever.

Psalm 119:13 With my lips have I declared all the judgments of your mouth.

Proverbs 10:13,20,21 In the lips of him that has understanding wisdom is found: but a rod is for the back of him that is void of understanding...

Proverbs 16:21-24 The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increases learning...

Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart brings forth good things...

Luke 4:22 And all bore him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?

2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things are of God, who has reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and has given to us the ministry of reconciliation...

Ephesians 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying...

Colossians 3:16,17 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

Colossians 4:6 Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer every man.


Leviticus 14:4,6,49-52 Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet...

Numbers 4:8 And they shall spread on them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of badgers' skins...

Numbers 19:6 And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast it into the middle of the burning of the heifer.

Joshua 2:18 Behold, when we come into the land, you shall bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which you did let us down by...

Proverbs 31:26 She opens her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue is the law of kindness.

Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water...

thy temples

Songs 6:7 As a piece of a pomegranate are your temples within your locks.

Genesis 32:10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which you have showed to your servant...

Ezra 9:6 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to you, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head...

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth any more because of your shame...

Cross References
Joshua 2:18
Behold, when we come into the land, you shall tie this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and you shall gather into your house your father and mother, your brothers, and all your father's household.

Song of Solomon 1:5
I am very dark, but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, like the tents of Kedar, like the curtains of Solomon.

Song of Solomon 5:16
His mouth is most sweet, and he is altogether desirable. This is my beloved and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.

Song of Solomon 6:7
Your cheeks are like halves of a pomegranate behind your veil.

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