Zechariah 4:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And there are two olive trees by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.”

King James Bible
And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

American Standard Version
and two olive-trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And two olive trees over it: one upon the right side of the lamp, and the other upon the left side thereof.

English Revised Version
and two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
And two olive-trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side.

Zechariah 4:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To the impression produced upon the nations by the coming of the Lord to judge the world, there is now appended in Habakkuk 3:8. a description of the execution of the judgment. Habakkuk 3:8. "Was it against rivers, O Jehovah, against the rivers that Thy wrath was kindled? that Thou ridest hither upon Thy horses, Thy chariots of salvation. Habakkuk 3:9. Thy bow lays itself bare; rods are sworn by word. Selah. Thou splittest the earth into rivers." The ode, taking a new turn, now passes from the description of the coming of God, to an address to God Himself. To the mental eye of the prophet, God presents Himself as Judge of the world, in the threatening attitude of a warlike hero equipped for conflict, so that he asks Him what is the object of His wrath. The question is merely a poetical turn given to a lively composition, which expects no answer, and is simply introduced to set forth the greatness of the wrath of God, so that in substance it is an affirmation. The wrath of God is kindled over the rivers, His fury over the sea. The first clause of the question is imperfect; Jehovah is not the subject, but a vocative, or an appeal, since chârâh, when predicated of God, is construed with ל. The subject follows in the double clause, into which the question divides itself, in אפּך and עברתך. Here the indefinite בּנהרים is defined by בּנּהרים. Hannehârı̄m, the rivers, are not any particular rivers, such as the arms of the Nile in Lower Egypt, or the rivers of Ethiopia, the Nile and Astaboras, the nahărē Khūsh (Isaiah 18:1; Zephaniah 3:10 : see Delitzsch), but the rivers of the earth generally; and "the sea" (hayyâm) is not the Red Sea, but the world-sea, as in Nahum 1:4 (cf. Psalm 89:10; Job 38:8). It is true that this description rests upon the two facts of the miraculous dividing of the Red Sea and of the Jordan (Exodus 15:18; Psalm 114:3, Psalm 114:5); but it rises far above these to a description of God as the Judge of the world, who can smite in His wrath not only the sea of the world, but all the rivers of the earth. עברה is stronger than אף, the wrath which passes over, or breaks through every barrier. Kı̄, quod, explaining and assigning the reason for the previous question. The riding upon horses is not actual riding, but driving in chariots with horses harnessed to them, as the explanatory words "thy chariots" (מרכּבתיך) clearly shows, and as râkhabh (to ride) always signifies when predicated of God (cf. Deuteronomy 33:26; Psalm 68:34; Psalm 104:3). Yeshū‛âh is governed by markebhōthekhâ, with the freedom of construction allowed in poetry, as in 2 Samuel 22:33; Psalm 71:7, whereas in prose the noun is generally repeated in the construct state (vid., Genesis 37:23, and Ewald, 291, b). Yeshū‛âh signifies salvation, even in this case, and not victory, - a meaning which it never has, and which is all the more inapplicable here, because yeshū‛âh is interpreted in Habakkuk 3:13 by לישׁע. By describing the chariots of God as chariots of salvation, the prophet points at the outset to the fact, that the riding of God has for its object the salvation or deliverance of His people.

Zechariah 4:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zechariah 4:11,12,14 Then answered I, and said to him, What are these two olive trees on the right side of the candlestick and on the left side thereof...

Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said to them, Should I leave my fatness, with which by me they honor God and man...

Romans 11:17,24 And if some of the branches be broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them...

Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

Cross References
Revelation 11:4
These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

Ecclesiastes 12:6
before the silver cord is snapped, or the golden bowl is broken, or the pitcher is shattered at the fountain, or the wheel broken at the cistern,

Zechariah 4:11
Then I said to him, "What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?"

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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