Zechariah 7:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But they refused to pay attention and turned a stubborn shoulder and stopped their ears that they might not hear.

King James Bible
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

American Standard Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they might not hear.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But they would not hearken, and they turned away the shoulder to depart: and they stopped their ears, not to hear.

English Revised Version
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Webster's Bible Translation
But they refused to hearken, and withdrew the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

Zechariah 7:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To give still greater emphasis to his exhortation to repentance, the prophet turns to Jerusalem again, that he may once more hold up before the hardened sinners the abominations of this city, in which Jehovah daily proclaims His right, and shows the necessity for the judgment, as the only way that is left by which to secure salvation for Israel and for the whole world. Zephaniah 3:1. "Woe to the refractory and polluted one, the oppressive city! Zephaniah 3:2. She has not hearkened to the voice; not accepted discipline; not trusted in Jehovah; not drawn near to her God. Zephaniah 3:3. Her princes are roaring lions in the midst of her; her judges evening wolves, who spare not for the morning. Zephaniah 3:4. Her prophets boasters, men of treacheries: her priests desecrate that which is holy, to violence to the law." The woe applies to the city of Jerusalem. That this is intended in Zephaniah 3:1 is indisputably evident from the explanation which follows in Zephaniah 3:2-4 of the predicates applied to the city addressed in Zephaniah 3:1. By the position of the indeterminate predicates מוראה and נגאלה before the subject to which the hōi refers, the threat acquires greater emphasis. מוראה is not formed from the hophal of ראה (ἐπιφανής, lxx, Cyr., Cocc.), but is the participle kal of מרא equals מרה or מרר, to straighten one's self, and hold one's self against a person, hence to be rebellious (see Delitzsch on Job, on Job 33:2, note). נגאלה, stained with sins and abominations (cf. Isaiah 59:3). Yōnâh does not mean columba, but oppressive (as in Jeremiah 46:16; Jeremiah 50:16, and Jeremiah 25:38)), as a participle of yânâh to oppress (cf. Jeremiah 22:3). These predicates are explained and vindicated in Zephaniah 3:2-4, viz., first of all מוראה in Zephaniah 3:2. She gives no heed to the voice, sc. of God in the law and in the words of the prophets (compare Jeremiah 7:28, where קול יהוה occurs in the repetition of the first hemistich). The same thing is affirmed in the second clause, "she accepts no chastisement." These two clauses describe the attitude assumed towards the legal contents of the word of God, the next two the attitude assumed towards its evangelical contents, i.e., the divine promises. Jerusalem has no faith in these, and does not allow them to draw her to her God. The whole city is the same, i.e., the whole of the population of the city. Her civil and spiritual rulers are no better. Their conduct shows that the city is oppressive and polluted (Zephaniah 3:3 and Zephaniah 3:4). Compare with this the description of the leaders in Micah 3:1-12. The princes are lions, which rush with roaring upon the poor and lowly, to tear them in pieces and destroy them (Proverbs 28:15; Ezekiel 19:2; Nahum 2:12). The judges resemble evening wolves (see at Habakkuk 1:8), as insatiable as wolves, which leave not a single bone till the following morning, of the prey they have caught in the evening. The verb gâram is a denom. from gerem, to gnaw a bone, piel to crush them (Numbers 24:8); to gnaw a bone for the morning, is the same as to leave it to be gnawed in the morning. Gâram has not in itself the meaning to reserve or lay up (Ges. Lex.). The prophets, i.e., those who carry on their prophesying without a call from God (see Micah 2:11; Micah 3:5, Micah 3:11), are pōchăzı̄m, vainglorious, boasting, from pâchaz, to boil up or boil over, and when applied to speaking, to overflow with frivolous words. Men of treacheries, bōgedōth, a subst. verb, from bâgad, the classical word for faithless adultery or apostasy from God. The prophets proved themselves to be so by speaking the thoughts of their own hearts to the people as revelations from God, and thereby strengthening it in its apostasy from the Lord. The priests profane that which is holy (qoodesh, every holy thing or act), and do violence to the law, namely, by treating what is holy as profane, and perverting the precepts of the law concerning holy and unholy (cf. Ezekiel 22:26).

Zechariah 7:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they refused.

Zechariah 1:4 Be you not as your fathers, to whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus said the LORD of hosts...

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

2 Kings 17:13-15 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying...

2 Chronicles 33:10 And the LORD spoke to Manasseh, and to his people: but they would not listen.

Nehemiah 9:17,26,29 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of your wonders that you did among them; but hardened their necks...

Proverbs 1:24-32 Because I have called, and you refused; I have stretched out my hand, and no man regarded...

Isaiah 1:19,20 If you be willing and obedient, you shall eat the good of the land...

Jeremiah 6:16,17 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Jeremiah 7:24 But they listened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward...

Jeremiah 13:10 This evil people, which refuse to hear my words, which walk in the imagination of their heart, and walk after other gods, to serve them...

Jeremiah 26:5,6 To listen to the words of my servants the prophets, whom I sent to you, both rising up early, and sending them...

Jeremiah 35:15 I have sent also to you all my servants the prophets, rising up early and sending them, saying...

Jeremiah 36:31 And I will punish him and his seed and his servants for their iniquity; and I will bring on them, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 44:16 As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the LORD, we will not listen to you.

Ezekiel 3:7 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not listen to me...

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

Daniel 9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled...

Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God.

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you.

Hebrews 12:25 See that you refuse not him that speaks. For if they escaped not who refused him that spoke on earth, much more shall not we escape...

pulled away the shoulder. Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder.

Nehemiah 9:29 And testified against them, that you might bring them again to your law: yet they dealt proudly, and listened not to your commandments...

Jeremiah 8:5 Why then is this people of Jerusalem slid back by a perpetual backsliding? they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.

Hosea 4:16 For Israel slides back as a backsliding heifer: now the LORD will feed them as a lamb in a large place.

Hebrews 10:38,39 Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him...

stopped. Heb. made heavy.

Psalm 58:4,5 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stops her ear...

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes...

Acts 7:57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran on him with one accord,

Cross References
Matthew 13:15
For this people's heart has grown dull, and with their ears they can barely hear, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and turn, and I would heal them.'

Nehemiah 9:29
And you warned them in order to turn them back to your law. Yet they acted presumptuously and did not obey your commandments, but sinned against your rules, which if a person does them, he shall live by them, and they turned a stubborn shoulder and stiffened their neck and would not obey.

Psalm 58:4
They have venom like the venom of a serpent, like the deaf adder that stops its ear,

Proverbs 1:24
Because I have called and you refused to listen, have stretched out my hand and no one has heeded,

Isaiah 46:12
"Listen to me, you stubborn of heart, you who are far from righteousness:

Jeremiah 5:3
O LORD, do not your eyes look for truth? You have struck them down, but they felt no anguish; you have consumed them, but they refused to take correction. They have made their faces harder than rock; they have refused to repent.

Jeremiah 5:21
"Hear this, O foolish and senseless people, who have eyes, but see not, who have ears, but hear not.

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