Zephaniah 1:17
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
I will bring distress on mankind, so that they shall walk like the blind, because they have sinned against the LORD; their blood shall be poured out like dust, and their flesh like dung.

King James Bible
And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung.

American Standard Version
And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against Jehovah; and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as dung.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I will distress men, and they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the Lord: and their blood shall be poured out as earth, and their bodies as dung.

English Revised Version
And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as dung.

Webster's Bible Translation
And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung.

Zephaniah 1:17 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Israel cannot deny these gracious acts of its God. The remembrance of them calls to mind the base ingratitude with which it has repaid its God by rebelling against Him; so that it inquires, in Micah 6:6, Micah 6:7, with what it can appease the Lord, i.e., appease His wrath. Micah 6:6. "Wherewith shall I come to meet Jehovah, bow myself before the God of the high place? Shall I come to meet Him with burnt-offerings, with yearling calves? Micah 6:7. Will Jehovah take pleasure in thousands of rams, in ten thousands of rivers of oil? Shall I give up my first-born for my transgression, the fruit of my body for the sin of my soul?" As Micah has spoken in Micah 6:3-5 in the name of Jehovah, he now proceeds, in Micah 6:6, Micah 6:7, to let the congregation speak; not, however, by turning directly to God, since it recognises itself as guilty before Him, but by asking the prophet, as the interpreter of the divine will, what it is to do to repair the bond of fellowship which has been rent in pieces by its guilt. קדּם does not here mean to anticipate, or come before, but to come to meet, as in Deuteronomy 23:5. Coming to meet, however, can only signify humble prostration (kâphaph) before the divine majesty. The God of the high place is the God dwelling in the high place (Isaiah 33:5; Isaiah 57:15), or enthroned in heaven (Psalm 115:3). It is only with sacrifices, the means appointed by God Himself for the maintenance of fellowship with Him, that any man can come to meet Him. These the people offer to bring; and, indeed, burnt-offerings. There is no reference here to sin-offerings, through which disturbed or interrupted fellowship could be restored, by means of the expiation of their sins; because the people had as yet no true knowledge of sin, but were still living under the delusion that they were standing firmly in the covenant with the Lord, which they themselves had practically dissolved. As burnt-offerings, they would bring calves and rams, not because they formed the only material, but because they were the material most usually employed; and, indeed, calves of a year old, because they were regarded as the best, not because no others were allowed to be offered, as Hitzig erroneously maintains; for, according to the law, calves and lambs could be offered in sacrifice even when they were eight days old (Leviticus 22:27; Exodus 22:29). In the case of the calves the value is heightened by the quality, in that of the rams by the quantity: thousands of rams; and also myriads of rivers of oil (for this expression, compare Job 20:17). Oil not only formed part of the daily minchah, but of the minchah generally, which could not be omitted from any burnt-offerings (compare Numbers 15:1-16 with ch. 28 and 29), so that it was offered in very large quantities. Nevertheless, in the consciousness that these sacrifices might not be sufficient, the people would offer the dearest thing of all, viz., the first-born son, as an expiation for their sin. This offer is founded, no doubt, upon the true idea that sacrifice shadows forth the self-surrender of man to God, and that an animal is not a sufficient substitute for a man; but this true idea was not realized by literal (bodily) human sacrifices: on the contrary, it was turned into an ungodly abomination, because the surrender which God desires is that of the spirit, not of the flesh. Israel could and should have learned this, not only from the sacrifice of Isaac required by God (Genesis 22), but also from the law concerning the consecration or sanctification of the first-born (Exodus 13:12-13). Hence this offer of the nation shows that it has no true knowledge of the will of its God, that it is still entangled in the heathen delusion, that the wrath of God can be expiated by human sacrifices (cf. 2 Kings 3:27; 2 Kings 16:3).

Zephaniah 1:17 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

they shall.

Deuteronomy 28:28,29 The LORD shall smite you with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart...

Psalm 79:3 Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem; and there was none to bury them.

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers...

Isaiah 59:9,10 Therefore is judgment far from us, neither does justice overtake us: we wait for light, but behold obscurity; for brightness...

Lamentations 4:14 They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.

Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

John 9:40,41 And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said to him, Are we blind also...

Romans 11:7,25 What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded...

2 Corinthians 4:4 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ...

2 Peter 1:9 But he that lacks these things is blind, and cannot see afar off, and has forgotten that he was purged from his old sins.

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

Revelation 3:17 Because you say, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and know not that you are wretched, and miserable...

because.

Isaiah 24:5,6 The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance...

Isaiah 50:1 Thus said the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorce, whom I have put away?...

Isaiah 59:12-15 For our transgressions are multiplied before you, and our sins testify against us: for our transgressions are with us...

Jeremiah 2:17,19 Have you not procured this to yourself, in that you have forsaken the LORD your God, when he led you by the way...

Jeremiah 4:18 Your way and your doings have procured these things to you; this is your wickedness, because it is bitter...

Lamentations 1:8,14,18 Jerusalem has grievously sinned; therefore she is removed: all that honored her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yes...

Lamentations 4:13-15 For the sins of her prophets, and the iniquities of her priests, that have shed the blood of the just in the middle of her...

Lamentations 5:16,17 The crown is fallen from our head: woe to us, that we have sinned!...

Ezekiel 22:25-31 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls...

Daniel 9:5-19 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled...

Micah 3:9-12 Hear this, I pray you, you heads of the house of Jacob, and princes of the house of Israel, that abhor judgment...

Micah 7:13 Notwithstanding the land shall be desolate because of them that dwell therein, for the fruit of their doings.

and their blood.

2 Kings 9:33-37 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses...

Psalm 79:2,3 The dead bodies of your servants have they given to be meat to the fowls of the heaven...

Psalm 83:10 Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.

Jeremiah 9:21,22 For death is come up into our windows, and is entered into our palaces, to cut off the children from without...

Jeremiah 15:3 And I will appoint over them four kinds, said the LORD: the sword to slay, and the dogs to tear, and the fowls of the heaven...

Jeremiah 16:4-6 They shall die of grievous deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried...

Jeremiah 18:21 Therefore deliver up their children to the famine, and pour out their blood by the force of the sword...

Lamentations 2:21 The young and the old lie on the ground in the streets: my virgins and my young men are fallen by the sword...

Lamentations 4:14 They have wandered as blind men in the streets, they have polluted themselves with blood, so that men could not touch their garments.

Amos 4:10 I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:29
and you shall grope at noonday, as the blind grope in darkness, and you shall not prosper in your ways. And you shall be only oppressed and robbed continually, and there shall be no one to help you.

Psalm 83:10
who were destroyed at En-dor, who became dung for the ground.

Jeremiah 8:2
And they shall be spread before the sun and the moon and all the host of heaven, which they have loved and served, which they have gone after, and which they have sought and worshiped. And they shall not be gathered or buried. They shall be as dung on the surface of the ground.

Jeremiah 9:22
Speak: "Thus declares the LORD, 'The dead bodies of men shall fall like dung upon the open field, like sheaves after the reaper, and none shall gather them.'"

Jeremiah 10:18
For thus says the LORD: "Behold, I am slinging out the inhabitants of the land at this time, and I will bring distress on them, that they may feel it."

Ezekiel 16:38
And I will judge you as women who commit adultery and shed blood are judged, and bring upon you the blood of wrath and jealousy.

Ezekiel 24:7
For the blood she has shed is in her midst; she put it on the bare rock; she did not pour it out on the ground to cover it with dust.

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