Zephaniah 2:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Seek the LORD, all you humble of the land, who do his just commands; seek righteousness; seek humility; perhaps you may be hidden on the day of the anger of the LORD.

King James Bible
Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.

American Standard Version
Seek ye Jehovah, all ye meek of the earth, that have kept his ordinances; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye will be hid in the day of Jehovah's anger.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Seek the Lord, all ye meek of the earth, you that have wrought his judgment: seek the just, seek the meek: if by any means you may be hid in the day of the Lord's indignation.

English Revised Version
Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.

Webster's Bible Translation
Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, who have performed his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye will be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.

Zephaniah 2:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The threatening words commence in Micah 6:10; Micah 6:10-12 containing a condemnation of the prevailing sins. Micah 6:10. "Are there yet in the house of the unjust treasures of injustice, and the ephah of consumption, the cursed one? Micah 6:11. Can I be clean with the scale of injustice, and with a purse with stones of deceit? Micah 6:12. That their rich men are full of wickedness, and their inhabitants speak deceit, and their tongue is falseness in their mouth." The reproof is dressed up in the form of a question. In the question in Micah 6:10 the emphasis is laid upon the עוד, which stands for that very reason before the interrogative particle, as in Genesis 19:12, the only other place in which this occurs. אשׁ, a softened form for ישׁ, as in 2 Samuel 14:19. Treasures of wickedness are treasures acquired through wickedness or acts of injustice. The meaning of the question is not, Are the unjust treasures not yet removed out of the house, not yet distributed again? but, as Micah 6:10 and Micah 6:11 require, Does the wicked man still bring such treasures into the house? does he still heap up such treasures in his house? The question is affirmative, and the form of a question is chosen to sharpen the conscience, as the unjust men to whom it is addressed cannot deny it. איפת רזון, ephah of consumption or hungriness, analogous to the German expression "a hungry purse," is too small an ephah (cf. Deuteronomy 25:14; Amos 8:5); the opposite of א שׁלמה (Deuteronomy 25:15) or א צדק (Leviticus 19:36), which the law prescribed. Hence Micah calls it זעוּמה equals זעוּם יהוה in Proverbs 22:14, that which is smitten by the wrath of God (equivalent to cursed; cf. Numbers 23:7; Proverbs 24:24). Whoever has not a full ephah is, according to Deuteronomy 25:16, an abomination to the Lord. If these questions show the people that they do not answer to the demands made by the Lord in Micah 6:8, the questions in Micah 6:11 also teach that, with this state of things, they cannot hold themselves guiltless. The speaker inquires, from the standpoint of his own moral consciousness, whether he can be pure, i.e., guiltless, if he uses deceitful scales and weights, - a question to which every one must answer No. It is difficult, however, to decide who the questioner is. As Micah 6:9 announces words of God, and in Micah 6:10 God is speaking, and also in Micah 6:12, Micah 6:13, it appears as though Jehovah must be the questioner here. But אזכּה does not tally with this. Jerome therefore adopts the rendering numquid justificabo stateram impiam; but זכה in the kal has only the meaning to be pure, and even in the piel it is not used in the sense of niqqh, to acquit. This latter fact is sufficient to overthrow the proposal to alter the reading into piel. Moreover, "the context requires the thought that the rich men fancy they can be pure with deceitful weights, and a refutation of this delusive idea" (Caspari). Consequently the prophet only can raise this question, namely as the representative of the moral consciousness; and we must interpret this transition, which is so sudden and abrupt to our ears, by supplying the thought, "Let every one ask himself," Can I, etc. Instead of רשׁע we have the more definite mirmh in the parallel clause. Scales and a bag with stones belong together; 'ăbhanı̄m are the stone weights (cf. Leviticus 19:36; Deuteronomy 25:13) which were carried in a bag (Proverbs 16:11). In Micah 6:12 the condemnation of injustice is widened still further. Whereas in the first clause the rich men of the capital (the suffix pointing back to עיר in Micah 6:9), who are also to be thought of in Micah 6:10, are expressly mentioned, in the second clause the inhabitants generally are referred to. And whilst the rich are not only charged with injustice or fraud in trade, but with châmâs, violence of every kind, the inhabitants are charged with lying and deceit of the tongue. Leshōnâm (their tongue) is not placed at the head absolutely, in the sense of "As for their tongue, deceit is," etc. Such an emphasis as this is precluded by the fact that the preceding clause, "speaking lies," involves the use of the tongue. Leshōnâm is the simple subject: Their tongue is deceit or falsehood in their mouth; i.e., their tongue is so full of deceit, that it is, so to speak, resolved into it. Both clauses express the thought, that "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are a population of liars and cheats" (Hitzig). The connection in which the verse stands, or the true explanation of אשׁר, has been a matter of dispute. We must reject both the combination of Micah 6:12 and Micah 6:13 ("Because their rich men, etc., therefore I also," etc.), and also the assumption that Micah 6:12 contains the answer to the question in Micah 6:10, and that אשׁר precedes the direct question (Hitzig): the former, because Micah 6:12 obviously forms the conclusion to the reproof, and must be separated from what precedes it; the latter, because the question in Micah 6:11 stands between Micah 6:10 and Micah 6:12, which is closely connected with Micah 6:10, and Micah 6:12 also contains no answer to Micah 6:10, so far as the thought is concerned, even if the latter actually required an answer. We must rather take אשׁר as a relative, as Caspari does, and understand the verse as an exclamation, which the Lord utters in anger over the city: "She, whose rich men are full," etc. "Angry persons generally prefer to speak of those who have excited their wrath, instead of addressing their words to them."

Zephaniah 2:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Seek ye.

Psalm 105:4 Seek the LORD, and his strength: seek his face ever more.

Isaiah 55:6,7 Seek you the LORD while he may be found, call you on him while he is near...

Jeremiah 3:13,14 Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against the LORD your God...

Jeremiah 4:1,2 If you will return, O Israel, said the LORD, return to me: and if you will put away your abominations out of my sight...

Jeremiah 29:12,13 Then shall you call on me, and you shall go and pray to me, and I will listen to you...

Hosea 7:10 And the pride of Israel testifies to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek him for all this.

Hosea 10:12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for it is time to seek the LORD...

Amos 5:4-6,14,15 For thus said the LORD to the house of Israel, Seek you me, and you shall live...

Matthew 7:7,8 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you...

all.

2 Chronicles 34:27,28 Because your heart was tender, and you did humble yourself before God, when you heard his words against this place...

Psalm 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.

Psalm 25:8,9 Good and upright is the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way...

Psalm 76:9 When God arose to judgment, to save all the meek of the earth. Selah.

Psalm 149:4 For the LORD takes pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation.

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...

Jeremiah 22:15,16 Shall you reign, because you close yourself in cedar? did not your father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice...

Zechariah 8:19 Thus said the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month, and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh...

Matthew 5:5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.

James 1:21,22 Why lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word...

1 Peter 3:4 But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit...

seek righteousness.

Philippians 3:13,14 Brothers, I count not myself to have apprehended: but this one thing I do, forgetting those things which are behind...

1 Thessalonians 4:1,10 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus...

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.

it may.

2 Samuel 12:22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me...

Joel 2:13,14 And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn to the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger...

Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate...

Jonah 3:9 Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?

hid.

Genesis 7:15,16 And they went in to Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life...

Exodus 12:27 That you shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt...

Psalm 31:20 You shall hide them in the secret of your presence from the pride of man...

Psalm 32:6,7 For this shall every one that is godly pray to you in a time when you may be found...

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me: for my soul trusts in you: yes, in the shadow of your wings will I make my refuge...

Psalm 91:1 He that dwells in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runs into it, and is safe.

Isaiah 26:20,21 Come, my people, enter you into your chambers, and shut your doors about you: hide yourself as it were for a little moment...

Jeremiah 39:18 For I will surely deliver you, and you shall not fall by the sword, but your life shall be for a prey to you...

Jeremiah 45:5 And seek you great things for yourself? seek them not: for, behold, I will bring evil on all flesh, said the LORD...

Colossians 3:2-4 Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth...

Cross References
Psalm 22:26
The afflicted shall eat and be satisfied; those who seek him shall praise the LORD! May your hearts live forever!

Psalm 45:4
In your majesty ride out victoriously for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness; let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!

Psalm 57:1
Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in you my soul takes refuge; in the shadow of your wings I will take refuge, till the storms of destruction pass by.

Psalm 105:4
Seek the LORD and his strength; seek his presence continually!

Isaiah 1:17
learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow's cause.

Isaiah 11:4
but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, and decide with equity for the meek of the earth; and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked.

Isaiah 26:20
Come, my people, enter your chambers, and shut your doors behind you; hide yourselves for a little while until the fury has passed by.

Jump to Previous
Anger Carried Commands Covered Earth Executed Eyes Heart Hid Hidden Humble Humility Jehovah's Judgment Kept LORD's Meek Meekness Ones Ordinance Ordinances Performed Perhaps Quiet Right Righteousness Safely Search Seek Sheltered Wrath Wrought
Jump to Next
Anger Carried Commands Covered Earth Executed Eyes Heart Hid Hidden Humble Humility Jehovah's Judgment Kept LORD's Meek Meekness Ones Ordinance Ordinances Performed Perhaps Quiet Right Righteousness Safely Search Seek Sheltered Wrath Wrought
Links
Zephaniah 2:3 NIV
Zephaniah 2:3 NLT
Zephaniah 2:3 ESV
Zephaniah 2:3 NASB
Zephaniah 2:3 KJV

Zephaniah 2:3 Bible Apps
Zephaniah 2:3 Biblia Paralela
Zephaniah 2:3 Chinese Bible
Zephaniah 2:3 French Bible
Zephaniah 2:3 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Zephaniah 2:2
Top of Page
Top of Page