2119. zachal
Strong's Concordance
zachal: afraid
Original Word: זָחַל
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: zachal
Phonetic Spelling: (zaw-khal')
Definition: to shrink back, crawl away
Brown-Driver-Briggs
I. [זָחַל] verb shrink back, crawl away (Aramaic זְחַל crawl (also drop, drip, of water: so Late Hebrew זָחַל), זָחֵיל worm; Syriac locust (as crawling); Arabic withdraw, retire to a distance (see Lane, Wetzst in DeHiob 2, 428), and Sabean זחֿל withdraw, humble oneself DHMZMG 1875, 610) —

Qal only Participle plural construct זֹחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17; — crawl, of reptiles (participle) זֹחֲלֵי עָפָר Deuteronomy 32:24 i.e. serpents (as poisonous), instruments of Yahweh's judgment on Israel; ארץ ׳ז Micah 7:17 id. (as crawling into the earth to hide), simile of nations in fear of ׳י.

II. [זָחַל] verb fear, be afraid (Aramaic דְּחַל, ; compare Arabic rancour, malevolence; NöZMG. 1886, 741) — only

Qal Perfect1singular זָחַלְתִּי Job 32:6 therefore I feared ("" וָאִירָא); > most, who derive from I. זָחַל = shrink away in fear, hold back (RV), compare ᵑ7 אִסְתְּמִּיתִי Fl ChWBii. 571.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be afraid, serpent, worm

A primitive root; to crawl; by implication, to fear -- be afraid, serpent, worm.

Forms and Transliterations
זָחַ֥לְתִּי זֹחֲלֵ֥י זחלי זחלתי כְּזֹחֲלֵ֣י כזחלי kə·zō·ḥă·lê kezochaLei kəzōḥălê zā·ḥal·tî zaChalti zāḥaltî zō·ḥă·lê zochaLei zōḥălê
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Englishman's Concordance
Deuteronomy 32:24
HEB: עִם־ חֲמַ֖ת זֹחֲלֵ֥י עָפָֽר׃
NAS: upon them, With the venom of crawling things of the dust.
KJV: upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust.
INT: With the venom of crawling of the dust

Job 32:6
HEB: עַל־ כֵּ֖ן זָחַ֥לְתִּי וָֽאִירָ֓א ׀ מֵחַוֹּ֖ת
NAS: Therefore I was shy and afraid
KJV: and ye [are] very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst
INT: and after that was shy and afraid to tell

Micah 7:17
HEB: עָפָר֙ כַּנָּחָ֔שׁ כְּזֹחֲלֵ֣י אֶ֔רֶץ יִרְגְּז֖וּ
NAS: like a serpent, Like reptiles of the earth.
KJV: out of their holes like worms of the earth:
INT: the dust A serpent reptiles of the earth will come

3 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 2119
3 Occurrences


kə·zō·ḥă·lê — 1 Occ.
zā·ḥal·tî — 1 Occ.
zō·ḥă·lê — 1 Occ.










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