Genesis 14:18
Parallel Verses
King James Version
And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

Darby Bible Translation
And Melchisedec king of Salem brought out bread and wine. And he was priest of the Most High �God.

World English Bible
Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine: and he was priest of God Most High.

Young's Literal Translation
And Melchizedek king of Salem hath brought out bread and wine, and he is priest of God Most High;

Genesis 14:18 Parallel
Commentary
Geneva Study Bible

And Melchizedek king of Salem {h} brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

(h) For Abram and his soldiers refreshment, not to offer sacrifice.

Scofield Reference Notes

[1] Melchizedek

Melchizedek, type of Christ the King-Priest. The type strictly applies to the priestly work of Christ in resurrection, since Melchizedek presents only the memorials of sacrifice, bread and wine. "After the order of Melchizedek" Heb 6:20 refers to the royal authority and unending duration of Christ's high priesthood Heb 7:23,24. The Aaronic priesthood was often interrupted by death. Christ is a priest after the order of Melchizedek, as King of righteousness, King of peace Isa 11:4-9 Heb 7:2 and in the endlessness of his priesthood; but the Aaronic priesthood typifies His priestly work.

[2] most high God

"Most high," or "most high God" (Heb. El Elyon). "Elyon means simply "highest."

(1) The first revelation of this name (Gen 14:8) indicates its distinctive meanings. Abram, returning from his victory over the confederated kings Gen 14:1-17 is met by Melchizedek, King of Salem. . . the "priest of the most high God" (El Elyon), who blesses Abram in the name of El Elyon, "possessor of heaven and earth." This revelation produced a remarkable impression upon the patriarch. Not only did he at once give Melchizedek "tithes of all" the spoil of the battle, but when the King of Sodom offered other of that spoil to Abram, his answer was; "I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord [Jehovah], the most high God [El-Elyon], the possessor of heaven and earth, that I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet," etc. Gen 14:18-23.

(a) The Lord (Jehovah) is know to a Gentile king (Melchizedek) by the name "most high god" [El Elyon);

(b) a Gentile is the priest of El Elyon and

(c) His distinctive character as most high God is "possessor of heaven and earth."

Appropriately to this Gentile knowledge of God by His name "Most High," we read that "the Most High divided to the nations [i.e. Gentiles] their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam," etc. Dt 32:8. As "possessor heaven and earth," it was the prerogative of the Most High to distribute the earth among the nations according to whatever principle He chose. That principle is declared Dt 32.8. To the same purport is the use of the name in Daniel, the book of Gentile prophecy Dan 3:26 4:17,24,25,32,34,35 5:18,21.

(2) As "possessor of heaven and earth," the most high God has and exercises authority in both spheres:

(a) the heavenly authority of El Elyon (e.g. Dan 4:35,37 Isa 14:13,14 Mt 28:18

(b) the earthly authority of El Elyon (e.g). Dt 32:8 Ps 9:2-5 21:7 47:2-4 56:2,3 82:6,8 83:16-18 91:9-12 2Sam 22:14,15 Dan 5:18

See, for other names of Deity:

See Scofield Note: "Gen 1:1"

See Scofield Note: "Gen 2:4"

See Scofield Note: "Gen 2:7"

See Scofield Note: "Gen 15:2"

See Scofield Note: "Gen 17:1"

See Scofield Note: "Gen 21:33" Genesis 14:18 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Meditations for Household Piety.
1. If thou be called to the government of a family, thou must not hold it sufficient to serve God and live uprightly in thy own person, unless thou cause all under thy charge to do the same with thee. For the performance of this duty God was so well pleased with Abraham, that he would not hide from him his counsel: "For," saith God, "I know him that he will command his sons and his household after him that they keep the way of the Lord, to do righteousness and judgment, that the Lord may bring upon
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Tithing
"Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in Mine house, and prove Me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it" (Mal. 3:10). Down deep in the heart of every Christian there is undoubtedly the conviction that he ought to tithe. There is an uneasy feeling that this is a duty which has been neglected, or, if you prefer it, a privilege that has not been
Arthur W. Pink—Tithing

Bethphage
There is very frequent mention of this place in the Talmudists: and, certainly, a more careful comparison of the maps with those things which are said by them of the situation of this place is worthy to be made; when they place it in mount Olivet, these make it contiguous to the buildings of Jerusalem. I. In the place cited in the margin, the case "of a stubborn judge" (or elder) is handling. For when, by the prescript of the law, difficult matters, and such things as concerning which the lower councils
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

The Gospel Feast
"When Jesus then lifted up His eyes, and saw a great company come unto Him, He saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread that these may eat?"--John vi. 5. After these words the Evangelist adds, "And this He said to prove him, for He Himself knew what He would do." Thus, you see, our Lord had secret meanings when He spoke, and did not bring forth openly all His divine sense at once. He knew what He was about to do from the first, but He wished to lead forward His disciples, and to arrest and
John Henry Newman—Parochial and Plain Sermons, Vol. VII

The Promise to the Patriarchs.
A great epoch is, in Genesis, ushered in with the history of the time of the Patriarchs. Luther says: "This is the third period in which Holy Scripture begins the history of the Church with a new family." In a befitting manner, the representation is opened in Gen. xii. 1-3 by an account of the first revelation of God, given to Abraham at Haran, in which the way is opened up for all that follows, and in which the dispensations of God are brought before us in a rapid survey. Abraham is to forsake
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Tithing
There are few subjects on which the Lord's own people are more astray than on the subject of giving. They profess to take the Bible as their own rule of faith and practice, and yet in the matter of Christian finance, the vast majority have utterly ignored its plain teachings and have tried every substitute the carnal mind could devise; therefore it is no wonder that the majority of Christian enterprises in the world today are handicapped and crippled through the lack of funds. Is our giving to be
Arthur W. Pink—Tithing

The Holy City; Or, the New Jerusalem:
WHEREIN ITS GOODLY LIGHT, WALLS, GATES, ANGELS, AND THE MANNER OF THEIR STANDING, ARE EXPOUNDED: ALSO HER LENGTH AND BREADTH, TOGETHER WITH THE GOLDEN MEASURING-REED EXPLAINED: AND THE GLORY OF ALL UNFOLDED. AS ALSO THE NUMEROUSNESS OF ITS INHABITANTS; AND WHAT THE TREE AND WATER OF LIFE ARE, BY WHICH THEY ARE SUSTAINED. 'Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God.'-Psalm 87:3 'And the name of the city from that day shall be, THE LORD IS THERE.'-Ezekiel 48:35 London: Printed in the year 1665
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Genesis
The Old Testament opens very impressively. In measured and dignified language it introduces the story of Israel's origin and settlement upon the land of Canaan (Gen.--Josh.) by the story of creation, i.-ii. 4a, and thus suggests, at the very beginning, the far-reaching purpose and the world-wide significance of the people and religion of Israel. The narrative has not travelled far till it becomes apparent that its dominant interests are to be religious and moral; for, after a pictorial sketch of
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Hebrews 5:6
As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 5:10
Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.

Hebrews 7:1
For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him;

Psalm 76:2
In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.

Psalm 104:15
And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

Psalm 110:4
The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

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