Hebrews 1:4
Parallel Verses
King James Version
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

Darby Bible Translation
taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they.

World English Bible
having become so much better than the angels, as he has inherited a more excellent name than they have.

Young's Literal Translation
having become so much better than the messengers, as he did inherit a more excellent name than they.

Hebrews 1:4 Parallel
Geneva Study Bible

{4} Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent {i} name than they.

(4) Before he comes to declare the office of Christ, he sets forth the excellency of his person. First of all he shows him to be man, and that in addition he is God also.

(i) Dignity and honour.

Scofield Reference Notes

[1] angels

Angel, Summary: Angel, "messenger," is used of God, of men, and of an order of created spiritual beings whose chief attributes are strength and wisdom. 2Sam 14:20 Ps 103:20 104:4. In the O.T. the expression "the angel of the Lord" (sometimes "of God") usually implies the presence of Deity in angelic form. Gen 16:1-13 21:17-19 Gen 22:11-16 31:11-13 Ex 3:2-4 Jud 2:1 6:12-16 13:3-22 See Scofield Note: "Mal 3:1". The word "angel" is used of men in Lk 7:24 Jas 2:25 Rev 1:20 2:1,8,12,18 3:1,7,14 In Rev 8:3-5. Christ is evidently meant. Sometimes angel is used of the spirit of man. Mt 18:10 Acts 12:15. Though angels are spirits Ps 104:4 Heb 1:14 power is given them to become visible in the semblance of human form. Gen 19:1 cf Gen 19:5 Ex 3:2 Num 22:22-31 Jud 2:1 6:11,22 13:3,6 1Chr 21:16,20 Mt 1:20 Lk 1:26 Jn 20:12 Acts 7:30 12:7,8, etc.). The word is always used in the masculine gender, though sex, in the human sense, is never ascribed to angels. Mt 22:30 Mk 12:25. They are exceedingly numerous. Mt 26:53 Heb 12:22 Rev 5:11 Ps 68:17. The power is inconceivable. 2Ki 19:35. Their place is about the throne of God. Rev 5:11 7:11. Their relation to the believer is that of "ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation," and this ministry has reference largely to the physical safety and well-being of believers. 1Ki 19:5 Ps 34:7 91:11 Dan 6:22 Mt 2:13,19 4:11 Lk 22:43 Acts 5:19 Acts 12:7-10. From Heb 1:14 Mt 18:10 Ps 91:11 it would seem that this care for the heirs of salvation begins in infancy and continues through life. The angels observe us 1Cor 4:9 Eph 3:10 Eccl 5:6 a fact which should influence conduct. They receive departing saints. Lk 16:22. Man is made "a little lower than the angels," and in incarnation Christ took "for a little "time" this lower place. Ps 8:4,5 Heb 2:6,9 that He might lift the believer into His own sphere above angels. Heb 2:9,10. The angels are to accompany Christ in His second advent. Mt 25:31. To them will be committed the preparation of the judgment of the nations. Mt 13:30,39,41,42. See Scofield Note: "Mt 25:32". The kingdom-age is not to be subject to angels, but to Christ and those for whom He was made a little lower than the angels. Heb 2:5 An archangel, Michael, is mentioned as having a particular relation to Israel and to the resurrections. Dan 10:13,21 12:1,2 Jude 1:9 1Th 4:16. The only other angel whose name is revealed Gabriel, was employed in the most distinguished services. Dan 8:16 9:21 Lk 1:19,26.

Fallen angels. Two classes of these are mentioned:

(1) "The angels which kept not their first estate [place], but left their own habitation," are "chained under darkness," awaiting judgment. 2Pet 2:4 Jude 1:6 1Cor 6:3 Jn 5:22.

See Scofield Note: "Gen 6:4"

(2) The angels who have Satan Gen 3:1 as leader.

See Scofield Note: "Rev 20:10".

The origin of these is nowhere explicitly revealed. They may be identical with the demons.

See Scofield Note: "Mt 7:22". For Satan and his angels everlasting fire is prepared. Mt 25:41 Rev 20:10.

Hebrews 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

December the Eleventh the Speech of the Incarnation
"He hath spoken to us in His Son." --HEBREWS i. And that blessed Son spake my language. He came into my troubled conditions and expressed Himself out of my humble lot. My surroundings afforded Him a language in which He made known His good news. The carpenter's shop, the shepherd on the hill, the ladened vine, a wayside well, common bread, a friend's sickness, the desolation of a garden, the darkness of "the last things"--these all offered Him a mode of speech in which He unveiled to me the heart
John Henry Jowett—My Daily Meditation for the Circling Year

The Friend Whose Years do not Fail. Rev. W. Arthur, M. A.
"And thy years shall not fail."--HEBREWS i. 12. You know that these words are taken from the hundred and second Psalm. There, they are addressed to God the Creator; here, to Christ the Redeemer. In both cases they express the same truths. Man finds himself here, looks out to what he can see around him, and then in thought passes on to what he cannot see. He knows that a very little while ago he was not here, he was not anywhere. He has an instinct within which tells him that though it is so short
Knowles King—The Wesleyan Methodist Pulpit in Malvern

Of Creation
Heb. xi. 3.--"Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear."--Heb. i. 14.--"Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?" There is nothing more generally known than this, that God at the beginning made the heaven and the earth, and all the host of them, the upper or the celestial, the lower or sublunary world. But yet there is nothing so little
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Bible in the Days of Jesus Christ
[Illustration: (drop cap S) Reading from a Roll--old Roman Painting] Slowly but surely, as time went on, God was adding to His Book, until about four hundred years before the birth of Jesus Christ the Old Testament Scriptures, in their present shape, were completed. Many questions have been asked as to how the canon of the Old Testament was formed--that is, how and when did the Jews first begin to understand that the Books of the Old Testament were inspired by God. About the first five Books--the
Mildred Duff—The Bible in its Making

The Revelation in a Son.
"God, having of old time spoken unto the fathers in the prophets by divers portions and in divers manners, hath at the end of these days spoken unto us in His Son, Whom He appointed Heir of all things, through Whom also He made the worlds; Who being the effulgence of His glory, and the very image of His substance, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had made purification of sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high."--HEB. i. 1-3 (R.V.). "God hath spoken." The
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

The Son and the Angels.
HEBREWS i. 4-ii. 18. The most dangerous and persistent error against which the theologians of the New Testament had to contend was the doctrine of emanations. The persistence of this error lay in its affinity with the Christian conception of mediation between God and men; its danger sprang from its complete inconsistency with the Christian idea of the person and work of the Mediator. For the Hebrew conception of God, as the "I AM," tended more and more in the lapse of ages to sever Him from all
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Agency of Evil Spirits
The connection of the visible with the invisible world, the ministration of angels of God, and the agency of evil spirits, are plainly revealed in the Scriptures, and inseparably interwoven with human history. There is a growing tendency to disbelief in the existence of evil spirits, while the holy angels that "minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation" (Hebrews 1:14) are regarded by many as spirits of the dead. But the Scriptures not only teach the existence of angels, both good and evil,
Ellen Gould White—The Great Controversy

Trinity Sunday the Doctrine of the Trinity.
Second Sermon. Text: Romans 11, 33-36. THE DOCTRINE OF THE TRINITY.[1] [Footnote 1: This sermon was first printed in 1535, at Wittenberg.] 1. This festival requires us to instruct the people in the dogma of the Holy Trinity, and to strengthen both memory and faith concerning it. This is the reason why we take up the subject once more. Without proper instruction and a sound foundation in this regard, other dogmas cannot be rightly and successfully treated. The other festivals of the year present
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. III

'A Greater than Jonas'
'A greater than Jonas is here.'--MATT. xii. 41. There never was any man in his right mind, still more of influence on his fellows, who made such claims as to himself in such unmistakable language as Jesus Christ does. To say such things of oneself as come from His lips is a sign of a weak, foolish nature. It is fatal to all influence, to all beauty of character. It is not only that He claims official attributes as a fanatical or dishonest pretender to inspiration may do. He does that, but He does
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Winsome Jesus.
The Face of Jesus: Jesus drew crowds, men, women, children, bad people, enemies--His personality--face--impress of experiences--the glory of God in that face, 2 Corinthians 4:6. Hebrews 1:3. The Music of God in the Voice of Jesus: the eye--Jesus' eyes, Luke 4:16-30. John 8:59. 10:31. 7:32, 45, 46. 18:6. Mark 10:32. 9:36. 10:13-16. Luke 19:48.--His voice, Matthew 26:30. personal touch, Matthew 8:3, 15. 9:29. 17:7. 20:34. Mark 1:41. 7:33. Luke 5:13. 22:51. (John 14:16-20). His presence irresistible.
S. D. Gordon—Quiet Talks about Jesus

Cross References
Ephesians 1:21
Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:

Hebrews 12:17
For ye know how that afterward, when he would have inherited the blessing, he was rejected: for he found no place of repentance, though he sought it carefully with tears.

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