Exodus 28:18
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond;

King James Bible
And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.

Darby Bible Translation
and the second row, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a diamond;

World English Bible
and the second row a turquoise, a sapphire, and an emerald;

Young's Literal Translation
and the second row is emerald, sapphire, and diamond;

Exodus 28:18 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

An emerald - Rather the garnet, which when cut with a convex face is termed the carbuncle.

A sapphire - Not the stone now called the sapphire; the lapis-lazuli is most probably meant.

A diamond - There is no trace of evidence that the ancients ever acquired the skill to engrave on the diamond, or even that they were acquainted with the stone. The "diamond" here may possibly be some variety of chalcedony, or (perhaps) rock crystal.

Exodus 28:18 Parallel Commentaries

Ninth Day. Holiness and Mediation.
And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall always be upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before the Lord.'--Ex. xxviii. 36, 38. God's house was to be the dwelling-place of His Holiness, the place where He was to reveal Himself; as the Holy One, not to be approached but with
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Joshua and the Angel
The steady advancement made by the builders of the temple greatly discomfited and alarmed the hosts of evil. Satan determined to put forth still further effort to weaken and discourage God's people by holding before them their imperfections of character. If those who had long suffered because of transgression could again be induced to disregard God's commandments, they would be brought once more under the bondage of sin. Because Israel had been chosen to preserve the knowledge of God in the earth,
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
Exodus 28:17
"You shall mount on it four rows of stones; the first row shall be a row of ruby, topaz and emerald;

Exodus 28:19
and the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst;

Exodus 39:11
and the second row, a turquoise, a sapphire and a diamond;

Song of Solomon 5:14
"His hands are rods of gold Set with beryl; His abdomen is carved ivory Inlaid with sapphires.

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