New American Standard Bible
idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions,
King James Bible
Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies,
Darby Bible Translation
idolatry, sorcery, hatred, strifes, jealousies, angers, contentions, disputes, schools of opinion,
World English Bible
idolatry, sorcery, hatred, strife, jealousies, outbursts of anger, rivalries, divisions, heresies,
Young's Literal Translation
idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, strifes, emulations, wraths, rivalries, dissensions, sects,
Galatians 5:20 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Witchcraft - Pretending to witchcraft. The apostle does not vouch for the actual existence of witchcraft; but he says that what was known as such was a proof of the corrupt nature of man, and was one of the fruits of it. No one can doubt it. It was a system of imposture and falsehood throughout; and nothing is a better demonstration of the depravity of the human heart than an extended and systematized attempt to impose on mankind. The word which is used here (φαρμακεία pharmakeia, whence our word "pharmacy," from φάρμακον pharmakon, a medicine, poison, magic potion) means, properly, the preparing and giving of medicine. Then it means also poisoning, and also magic art, or enchantment; because in savage nations pharmacy or medicine consisted much in magical incantations. Thence it means sorcery or enchantment, and it is so used uniformly in the New Testament. It is used only in Galatians 5:20; Revelation 9:21; Revelation 18:23; Revelation 21:8. Some have supposed that it means poisoning here, a crime often practiced; but the more correct interpretation is, to refer it to the black art, or to pretensions to witchcraft, and the numerous delusions which have grown out of it, as a striking illustration of the corrupt and depraved nature of man.
Hatred - Greek: "hatreds," in the plural. Antipathies, and lack of love, producing contentions and strifes.
Variance - Contentions; see the note at Romans 1:29.
Emulations - (ζήλοι zēloi). In a bad sense, meaning heart-burning, or jealousy, or perhaps inordinate ambition. The sense is ardor or zeal in a bad cause, leading to strife, etc.
Wrath - This also is plural in the Greek (θυμοὶ thumoi), meaning passions, "bursts of anger;" see the note at 2 Corinthians 12:20.
Strife - Also plural in the Greek; see the note at 2 Corinthians 12:20
Seditions - See the note at Romans 16:17.
LibraryFourteenth Sunday after Trinity Works of the Flesh and Fruits of the Spirit.
Text: Galatians 5, 16-24. 16 But I say, Walk by the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. 17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are contrary the one to the other; that ye may not do the things that ye would. 18 But if ye are led by the Spirit, ye are not under the law. 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousies, wraths, …
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but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation.
1 Corinthians 11:19
For there must also be factions among you, so that those who are approved may become evident among you.
2 Corinthians 12:20
For I am afraid that perhaps when I come I may find you to be not what I wish and may be found by you to be not what you wish; that perhaps there will be strife, jealousy, angry tempers, disputes, slanders, gossip, arrogance, disturbances;
But if you bite and devour one another, take care that you are not consumed by one another.
But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, do not be arrogant and so lie against the truth.
2 Peter 2:1
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves.
1 John 3:15
Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer; and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
Jump to PreviousAnger Angry Attempts Better Contentions Desire Discord Disputes Dissension Dissensions Divisions Enmity Envyings Factions False. Feelings Fighting Fits Hates Hatred Heresies Idolatry Images Intrigues Jealousies Jealousy Opinion Others Outbursts Parties Party Passion Powers Schools Sects Selfishness Sorcery Spirit Strange Strife Strifes Teachings Use Variance Witchcraft Worship Wrath Wraths
Jump to NextAnger Angry Attempts Better Contentions Desire Discord Disputes Dissension Dissensions Divisions Enmity Envyings Factions False. Feelings Fighting Fits Hates Hatred Heresies Idolatry Images Intrigues Jealousies Jealousy Opinion Others Outbursts Parties Party Passion Powers Schools Sects Selfishness Sorcery Spirit Strange Strife Strifes Teachings Use Variance Witchcraft Worship Wrath Wraths
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