New American Standard Bible
Moreover, the angel of the LORD said to her, "I will greatly multiply your descendants so that they will be too many to count."
King James Bible
And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
Darby Bible Translation
And the Angel of Jehovah said to her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.
World English Bible
The angel of Yahweh said to her, "I will greatly multiply your seed, that they will not be numbered for multitude."
Young's Literal Translation
and the messenger of Jehovah saith to her, 'Multiplying I multiply thy seed, and it is not numbered from multitude;'
Genesis 16:10 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
I will multiply. - This language is proper only to the Lord Himself, because it claims a divine prerogative. The Lord is, therefore, in this angel. He promises to Hagar a numerous offspring. "Ishmael." "El," the Mighty, will hear; but "Jehovah," the Lord (Yahweh), heard her humiliation. Yahweh, therefore, is the same God as El. He describes Ishmael and his progeny in him as resembling the wild ass. This animal is a fit symbol of the wild, free, untamable Bedouin of the desert. He is to live in contention, and yet to dwell independently, among all his brethren. His brethren are the descendants of Heber, the Joctanites, composing the thirteen original tribes of the Arabs, and the Palgites to whom the descendants of Abram belonged. The Ishmaelites constituted the second element of the great Arab nation, and shared in their nomadic character and independence. The character here given of them is true even to the present day.
Library"Thou, God, Seest Me. " --Gen. xvi. 13
"Thou, God, seest me."--Gen. xvi. 13. O God, unseen, but not unknown, Thine eye is ever fix'd on me; I dwell beneath Thy secret throne, Encompass'd by Thy Deity. Throughout this universe of space, To nothing am I long allied, For flight of time and change of place, My strongest, dearest bonds divide. Parents I had, but where are they? Friends whom I knew, I know no more; Companions, once that cheer'd my way, Have dropp'd behind or gone before. Now I am one amidst a crowd Of life and action hurrying …
James Montgomery—Sacred Poems and Hymns
Appendix ii. Philo of Alexandria and Rabbinic Theology.
"I will make your descendants as the dust of the earth, so that if anyone can number the dust of the earth, then your descendants can also be numbered.
Then the angel of the LORD said to her, "Return to your mistress, and submit yourself to her authority."
"As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him, and will make him fruitful and will multiply him exceedingly. He shall become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.
"And of the son of the maid I will make a nation also, because he is your descendant."
"Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him by the hand, for I will make a great nation of him."
Then the angel of the LORD called to Abraham a second time from heaven,
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