New American Standard Bible
The mighty man and the warrior, The judge and the prophet, The diviner and the elder,
King James Bible
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
Darby Bible Translation
the mighty man and the man of war, the judge and the prophet, and the diviner and the elder,
World English Bible
the mighty man, the man of war, the judge, the prophet, the diviner, the elder,
Young's Literal Translation
Hero and man of war, judge and prophet, And diviner and elder,
Isaiah 3:2 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
The mighty man - The hero, The idea expressed is not simply that of personal strength and prowess, but the higher one of military eminence or heroism. "Prof. Alexander." This was fully accomplished in the time of Nebuchadnezzar; 2 Kings 24:14.
And the prudent - This word in the original - קסם qosēm - means properly "a diviner," or a "soothsayer." But it is sometimes used in a good sense; see Proverbs 16:10, "margin." The Chaldee understands it of a man "who is consulted," or whose opinion is asked, in times of perplexity or danger. The word was originally applied to false prophets, diviners, and soothsayers, who claimed the power of looking into futurity. It came, however, to denote also the man of sagacity, the statesman, the experienced counselor, who from the records of the past could judge of the future, and to whom, therefore, the nation could look in times of perplexity and danger. Vitringa supposes that it may refer here to the false prophets on whose advice the nation might be relying.
The ancient - The old man. Such men, especially among the Hebrews, were deemed particularly qualified to give advice. They had experience; they kept the traditions of their fathers; they had conversed with the wise of the preceding generation; and in a land where there were few books, and knowledge was to be gained mainly by conversation and experience, great respect was shown them; see Leviticus 19:32; 2 Chronicles 31:17; 1 Kings 12:6, 1 Kings 12:8.
LibraryThe Christian view of Sorrow
"A man of sorrow, and acquainted with grief" Is. Iii. 3. There is one great distinction between the productions of Heathen and of Christian art. While the first exhibits the perfection of physical form and of intellectual beauty, the latter expresses, also, the majesty of sorrow, the grandeur of endurance, the idea of triumph refined from agony. In all those shapes of old there is nothing like the glory of the martyr; the sublimity of patience and resignation; the dignity of the thorn-crowned Jesus. …
E. H. Chapin—The Crown of Thorns
"But Whereunto Shall I Liken this Generation?"
The Prophet Micah.
The First Great Deception
2 Kings 24:14
Then he led away into exile all Jerusalem and all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained except the poorest people of the land.
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.
So the LORD cuts off head and tail from Israel, Both palm branch and bulrush in a single day.
The head is the elder and honorable man, And the prophet who teaches falsehood is the tail.
"Say now to the rebellious house, 'Do you not know what these things mean?' Say, 'Behold, the king of Babylon came to Jerusalem, took its king and princes and brought them to him in Babylon.
'He took one of the royal family and made a covenant with him, putting him under oath. He also took away the mighty of the land,
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