Job 29:3
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When His lamp shone over my head, And by His light I walked through darkness;

King James Bible
When his candle shined upon my head, and when by his light I walked through darkness;

Darby Bible Translation
When his lamp shone over my head, and by his light I walked through darkness;

World English Bible
when his lamp shone on my head, and by his light I walked through darkness,

Young's Literal Translation
In His causing His lamp to shine on my head, By His light I walk through darkness.

Job 29:3 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

When his candle shined upon my head - Margin, or, "lamp;" compare notes Job 18:6. It was remarked in the note on that place, that it was common to have lamps or lights always burning in a house or tent. When Job speaks of the lamps shining "on his head," the allusion is probably to the custom of suspending a lamp from the ceiling - a custom which prevails among the wealthy Arabs. "Scott." Virgil speaks of a similar thing in the palace of Dido:

- Dependent lychni laquearibus aureis Incensi.

Aeneid i.726.

"From gilded roofs depending lamps display

Nocturnal beams that imitate the day."


See, also Lucretius, ii. 24. Indeed the custom is common everywhere and the image is a beautiful illustration of the divine favor - of light and happiness imparted by God, the great source of blessedness from above. The Hebrew word rendered "shined" בהלו behilô) has been the occasion of some perplexity in regard to its form. According to Ewald, Hebrew Gram. p. 471, and Gesenius, Lex, it is the Hiphil form of הלל hâlal - to shine, the He preformative being dropped. The sense is, "In his causing the light to shine." Others suppose that it is the infinitive of the Qal, with a pleonastic suffix; meaning "when it shined;" that is, the light. The sense is essentially the same; compare Schultens and Rosenmuller in loc.

And when by his light - Under his guidance and direction.

I walked through darkness - "Here is reference probably to the fires or other lights which were carried before the caravans in their nightly travels through the deserts." "Noyes." The meaning is, that God afforded him protection, instruction, and guidance. In places, and on subjects that would have been otherwise dark, he counselled and led him. He enjoyed the manifestations' of the divine favor; his understanding was enlightened, and he was enabled to comprehend subjects that would have been otherwise perplexing and difficult. He refers, probably, to the inquiries about the divine government and administration, and to the questions that came before him as a magistrate or an umpire - questions that he was enabled to determine with wisdom.

Job 29:3 Parallel Commentaries

The Case of Spiritual Decay and Languor in Religion
1. Declension in religion, and relapses into sin, with their sorrowful consequences, are in the general too probable.--2. The ease of declension and langour in religion described, negatively.--3. And positively.--4. As discovering itself by a failure in the duties of the closet.--5. By a neglect of social worship.--6. By want of love to our fellow Christians.--7. By an undue attachment to sensual pleasures or secular cares.--8. By prejudices against some important principles in religion.--9,10. A
Philip Doddridge—The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul

Oh that I were as in Months Past! Job 29:02:00

John Newton—Olney Hymns

Cross References
Job 11:17
"Your life would be brighter than noonday; Darkness would be like the morning.

Job 18:6
"The light in his tent is darkened, And his lamp goes out above him.

Proverbs 13:9
The light of the righteous rejoices, But the lamp of the wicked goes out.

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