Joshua 5:3
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
So Joshua made himself flint knives and circumcised the sons of Israel at Gibeath-haaraloth.

King James Bible
And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.

Darby Bible Translation
And Joshua made him stone-knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of Araloth.

World English Bible
Joshua made himself flint knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.

Young's Literal Translation
and Joshua maketh for him knives of flint, and circumciseth the sons of Israel at the height of the foreskins.

Joshua 5:3 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

The hill of the foreskins - i. e. the hill where the foreskins, the emblem of all worldly and carnal affections, were buried. (Compare Colossians 2:11-13; Colossians 3:1-6.)

Joshua 5:3 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Whether Circumcision Bestowed Sanctifying Grace?
Objection 1: It seems that circumcision did not bestow sanctifying grace. For the Apostle says (Gal. 2:21): "If justice be by the Law, then Christ died in vain," i.e. without cause. But circumcision was an obligation imposed by the Law, according to Gal. 5:3: "I testify . . . to every man circumcising himself, that ne is a debtor to do the whole law." Therefore, if justice be by circumcision, "Christ died in vain," i.e. without cause. But this cannot be allowed. Therefore circumcision did not confer
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Gilgal, in Deuteronomy 11:30 what the Place Was.
That which is said by Moses, that "Gerizim and Ebal were over-against Gilgal," Deuteronomy 11:30, is so obscure, that it is rendered into contrary significations by interpreters. Some take it in that sense, as if it were near to Gilgal: some far off from Gilgal: the Targumists read, "before Gilgal": while, as I think, they do not touch the difficulty; which lies not so much in the signification of the word Mul, as in the ambiguity of the word Gilgal. These do all seem to understand that Gilgal which
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Exodus 4:25
Then Zipporah took a flint and cut off her son's foreskin and threw it at Moses' feet, and she said, "You are indeed a bridegroom of blood to me."

Joshua 5:2
At that time the LORD said to Joshua, "Make for yourself flint knives and circumcise again the sons of Israel the second time."

Joshua 5:4
This is the reason why Joshua circumcised them: all the people who came out of Egypt who were males, all the men of war, died in the wilderness along the way after they came out of Egypt.

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