New American Standard Bible
'I fast twice a week; I pay tithes of all that I get.'
King James Bible
I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
Darby Bible Translation
I fast twice in the week, I tithe everything I gain.
World English Bible
I fast twice a week. I give tithes of all that I get.'
Young's Literal Translation
I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all things -- as many as I possess.
Luke 18:12 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
I fast twice ... - This was probably the Jewish custom. The Pharisees are said to have fasted regularly on the second and fifth days of every week in private. This was "in addition" to the public days of fasting required in the law of Moses, and they, therefore, made more a matter of "merit" of it because it was voluntary.
I give tithes - A tithe means the tenth part of a thing. A tenth part of the possessions of the Jews was required for the support of the Levites, Numbers 18:21. In addition to the tithes required strictly by law, the Pharisees had tithed everything which they possessed even the smallest matters - as mint, anise, cummin, etc., Luke 11:42. It was "this," probably, on which he so particularly prided himself. As this could not be proved to be strictly "required" in the law, it had more the "appearance" of great piety, and, therefore, he particularly dwelt on it.
I possess - This may mean either all which I "have," or all which I "gain" or acquire. It is not material which meaning be considered the true one.
The religion of the Pharisee, therefore, consisted in:
1. abstaining from injustice to others; in pretending to live a harmless, innocent, and upright life; and,
2. a regular observance of all the external duties of religion.
His "fault" consisted in relying on this kind of righteousness; in not feeling and acknowledging that he was a sinner; in not seeking a religion that should dwell in the "heart" and regulate the feelings; and in making public and ostentatious professions of his own goodness. Most of all was this abominable in the sight of God, who "looks into the heart," and who sees wickedness there when the external actions may be blameless. We may learn from the case of the Pharisee:
1. That it is not the man who has the most orthodox belief that has, of course, the most piety;
2. That people may be externally moral, and not be righteous in the sight of God;
3. That they may be very exact in the external duties of religion, and even go beyond the strict letter of the law; that they may assume a great appearance of sanctity, and still be strangers to true piety; and,
4. That ostentation in religion, or a "boasting" before God of what we are and of what we have done, is abominable in his sight. This spoils everything, even if the life "should be" tolerably blameless, and if there should be real piety.
LibraryApril 2 Evening
When the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?--LUKE 18:8. He came unto his own, and his own received him not.--The Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall from the faith. Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; and they shall turn away …
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path
Entering the Kingdom
The Word of Jesus on Prayer.
Impossible with Man, Possible with God
Why have we fasted and You do not see? Why have we humbled ourselves and You do not notice?' Behold, on the day of your fast you find your desire, And drive hard all your workers.
"For I say to you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.
Then the disciples of John came to Him, asking, "Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but Your disciples do not fast?"
"But woe to you Pharisees! For you pay tithe of mint and rue and every kind of garden herb, and yet disregard justice and the love of God; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.
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