Psalm 140:3
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
They sharpen their tongues as a serpent; Poison of a viper is under their lips. Selah.

King James Bible
They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.

Darby Bible Translation
They sharpen their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.

World English Bible
They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent. Viper's poison is under their lips. Selah.

Young's Literal Translation
They sharpened their tongue as a serpent, Poison of an adder is under their lips. Selah.

Psalm 140:3 Parallel
Commentary
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent - Compare the notes at Psalm 64:3. The idea here is, that since the tongue of the serpent "seems" to be sharp, pointed, adapted to penetrate (and probably the original reference in the image was derived from that idea), the wound inflicted is by the serpent's tongue - "as if" with a hard, penetrating point. It is now known, however, that it is by a tooth - a single tooth, made flexible for the purpose - at the root of which a small bag containing the poison is located, which is injected through an orifice in the tooth into the wound. The meaning here is, that the words spoken by such persons - by their tongues - were like the poison produced by the bite of a serpent.

Adders' poison is under their lips - The asp or adder is among the most poisonous of serpents. Thus, Cleopatra of Egypt is said to have destroyed her own life by an asp, which she had concealed for that purpose. This passage is quoted in Romans 3:13, as a proof of human depravity. See the notes at that verse.

Psalm 140:3 Parallel Commentaries

Library
Epistle xviii. To John, Bishop.
To John, Bishop. Gregory to John, Bishop of Constantinople [1586] . At the time when your Fraternity was advanced to Sacerdotal dignity, you remember what peace and concord of the churches you found. But, with what daring or with what swelling of pride I know not, you have attempted to seize upon a new name, whereby the hearts of all your brethren might have come to take offence. I wonder exceedingly at this, since I remember how thou wouldest fain have fled from the episcopal office rather than
Saint Gregory the Great—the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great

Covenanting a Privilege of Believers.
Whatever attainment is made by any as distinguished from the wicked, or whatever gracious benefit is enjoyed, is a spiritual privilege. Adoption into the family of God is of this character. "He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power (margin, or, the right; or, privilege) to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name."[617] And every co-ordinate benefit is essentially so likewise. The evidence besides, that Covenanting
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Cross References
Romans 3:13
"THEIR THROAT IS AN OPEN GRAVE, WITH THEIR TONGUES THEY KEEP DECEIVING," "THE POISON OF ASPS IS UNDER THEIR LIPS";

James 3:8
But no one can tame the tongue; it is a restless evil and full of deadly poison.

Psalm 10:7
His mouth is full of curses and deceit and oppression; Under his tongue is mischief and wickedness.

Psalm 57:4
My soul is among lions; I must lie among those who breathe forth fire, Even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows And their tongue a sharp sword.

Psalm 58:4
They have venom like the venom of a serpent; Like a deaf cobra that stops up its ear,

Psalm 64:3
Who have sharpened their tongue like a sword. They aimed bitter speech as their arrow,

Lamentations 3:62
The lips of my assailants and their whispering Are against me all day long.

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