New American Standard Bible
My foes have trampled upon me all day long, For they are many who fight proudly against me.
King James Bible
Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight against me, O thou most High.
Darby Bible Translation
Mine enemies would swallow me up all the day long; for they are many that fight against me haughtily.
World English Bible
My enemies want to swallow me up all day long, for they are many who fight proudly against me.
Young's Literal Translation
Mine enemies have swallowed up all the day, For many are fighting against me, O most High,
Psalm 56:2 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Mine enemies - Margin, "mine observers." The Hebrew word here used means properly to twist, to twist totogether; then, to be firm, hard, tough; then, "to press together," as a rope that is twisted - and hence, the idea of oppressing, or pressing hard on one, as an enemy. See Psalm 27:11; Psalm 54:5. In the former verse the psalmist spoke of an enemy, or of "one" that would swallow him up (in the singular number), or of "man" as an enemy to him anywhere. Here he uses the plural number, implying that there were "many" who were enlisted against him. He was surrounded by enemies. He met them wherever he went. He had an enemy in Saul; he had enemies in the followers of Saul; he had enemies among the Philistines, and now when he had fled to Achish, king of Gath, and had hoped to find a refuge and a friend there, he found only bitter foes.
Would daily swallow me up - Constantly; their efforts to do it are unceasing. A new day brings no relief to me, but every day I am called to meet some new form of opposition.
For they be many that fight against me - His own followers and friends were few; his foes were many. Saul had numerous followers, and David encountered foes wherever he went. "O thou Most High." The word used here - מרום mârôm - means properly height, altitude, elevation; then, a high place, especially heaven, Psalm 18:16; Isaiah 24:18, Isaiah 24:21; then it is applied to anything high or inaccessible, as a fortress, Isaiah 26:5. It is supposed by Gesenius (Lexicon), and some others, to mean here "elation of mind, pride," - implying that his enemies fought against him with elated minds, or proudly. So the Septuagint, the Vulgate, and Luther render it; and so DeWette understands it. Yet it seems most probable that our translators have given the correct rendering, and that the passage is a solemn appeal to God as more exalted than his foes, and as one, therefore, in whom he could put entire confidence. Compare Psalm 92:8; Psalm 93:4,; Micah 6:6.
LibraryFear and Faith
What time I am afraid, I will trust in Thee. 4. ... In God I have put my trust: I will not fear.'--PSALM lvi. 3, 4. It is not given to many men to add new words to the vocabulary of religious emotion. But so far as an examination of the Old Testament avails, I find that David was the first that ever employed the word that is here translated, I will trust, with a religious meaning. It is found occasionally in earlier books of the Bible in different connections, never in regard to man's relations …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
A Psalm of David. Contend, O LORD, with those who contend with me; Fight against those who fight against me.
Do not let them say in their heart, "Aha, our desire!" Do not let them say, "We have swallowed him up!"
He will redeem my soul in peace from the battle which is against me, For they are many who strive with me.
He will send from heaven and save me; He reproaches him who tramples upon me. Selah. God will send forth His lovingkindness and His truth.
Then they would have swallowed us alive, When their anger was kindled against us;
"For your waste and desolate places and your destroyed land-- Surely now you will be too cramped for the inhabitants, And those who swallowed you will be far away.
All your enemies Have opened their mouths wide against you; They hiss and gnash their teeth. They say, "We have swallowed her up! Surely this is the day for which we waited; We have reached it, we have seen it."
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