Psalm 79:6
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Pour out Your wrath upon the nations which do not know You, And upon the kingdoms which do not call upon Your name.

King James Bible
Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.

Darby Bible Translation
Pour out thy fury upon the nations that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that call not upon thy name:

World English Bible
Pour out your wrath on the nations that don't know you; on the kingdoms that don't call on your name;

Young's Literal Translation
Pour Thy fury on the nations who have not known Thee, And on kingdoms that have not called in Thy name.

Psalm 79:6 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen - Punish, as they deserve, the nations that have risen up against thy people, and that have brought; desolation upon the land. The word rendered here pour out is used with reference to a cup or vial, as containing a mixture for the people to drink - of intoxication, or of poison. See the notes at Revelation 16:1; notes at Psalm 11:6; notes at Isaiah 51:17; compare Jeremiah 25:15, Jeremiah 25:17; Matthew 20:22; Matthew 26:39, Matthew 26:42.

That have not known thee - Who are strangers to thee; who are thy enemies. The prayer that the wrath of God might be poured upon them was not because they were ignorant of him, but on account of their wicked conduct toward the people of God. The phrase "that have not known thee" is used merely to designate them, or to describe their character. The prayer is not necessarily a prayer for vengeance, or in the spirit of revenge; it is simply a prayer that justice might be done to them, and is such a prayer as any man may offer who is anxious that justice may be done in the world. See remarks on the imprecations in the Psalms. General Introduction Section 6. It is not proper, however, to use this as a proof-text that God will punish the "pagan," or will consign them to destruction. The passage obviously has no reference to such a doctrine, whether that doctrine be true or false.

And upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name - The people that do not worship thee; referring here particularly to those who had invaded the land, and made it desolate.

Psalm 79:6 Parallel Commentaries

Period ii. The Church from the Permanent Division of the Empire Until the Collapse of the Western Empire and the First Schism Between the East and the West, or Until About A. D. 500
In the second period of the history of the Church under the Christian Empire, the Church, although existing in two divisions of the Empire and experiencing very different political fortunes, may still be regarded as forming a whole. The theological controversies distracting the Church, although different in the two halves of the Graeco-Roman world, were felt to some extent in both divisions of the Empire and not merely in the one in which they were principally fought out; and in the condemnation
Joseph Cullen Ayer Jr., Ph.D.—A Source Book for Ancient Church History

The piety of the Old Testament Church is reflected with more clearness and variety in the Psalter than in any other book of the Old Testament. It constitutes the response of the Church to the divine demands of prophecy, and, in a less degree, of law; or, rather, it expresses those emotions and aspirations of the universal heart which lie deeper than any formal demand. It is the speech of the soul face to face with God. Its words are as simple and unaffected as human words can be, for it is the genius
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Thessalonians 4:5
not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God;

2 Thessalonians 1:8
dealing out retribution to those who do not know God and to those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.

Revelation 16:1
Then I heard a loud voice from the temple, saying to the seven angels, "Go and pour out on the earth the seven bowls of the wrath of God."

Psalm 14:4
Do all the workers of wickedness not know, Who eat up my people as they eat bread, And do not call upon the Lord?

Psalm 53:4
Have the workers of wickedness no knowledge, Who eat up My people as though they ate bread And have not called upon God?

Psalm 69:24
Pour out Your indignation on them, And may Your burning anger overtake them.

Psalm 147:20
He has not dealt thus with any nation; And as for His ordinances, they have not known them. Praise the LORD!

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