Romans 2:18
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
and know His will and approve the things that are essential, being instructed out of the Law,

King James Bible
And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

Darby Bible Translation
and knowest the will, and discerningly approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;

World English Bible
and know his will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,

Young's Literal Translation
and dost know the will, and dost approve the distinctions, being instructed out of the law,

Romans 2:18 Parallel
Barnes' Notes on the Bible

And knowest his will - The will or commands of God. This knowledge they obtained from the Scriptures; and of course in this they were distinguished from other nations.

And approvest - The word used here is capable of two interpretations. It may mean either to distinguish, or to approve. The word is properly and usually applied to the process of testing or trying metals by fire. Hence, it comes to be used in a general sense to try or to distinguish anything; to ascertain its nature, quality, etc.; Luke 12:56. This is probably its meaning here, referring rather to the intellectual process of discriminating, than to the moral process of approving. It could not, perhaps, be said with propriety, at least the scope of the passage does not properly suppose this, that the Jew approved or loved the things of God: but the scope of the passage is, that the Jew valued himself on his knowledge of what was conformable to the will of God; see the notes at Romans 14.

The things that are more excellent - The word translated here "more excellent" denotes properly the things that differ from others, and then also the things that excel. It has an ambiguity similar to the word translated "approved." If the interpretation of that word above given is correct, then this word here means those things that differ from others. The reference is to the rites and customs, to the distinctions of meats and days, etc., prescribed by the Law of Moses. The Jew would pride himself on the fact that he had been taught by the Law to make these distinctions, while all the pagan world had been left in ignorance of them. This was one of the advantages on which he valued himself and his religion.

Being instructed ... - That is, in regard to the one God, his will, and the distinguishing rites of his worship.

Romans 2:18 Parallel Commentaries

Earnest Expostulation
Observe that the apostle singled out an individual who had condemned others for transgressions, in which he himself indulged. This man owned so much spiritual light that he knew right from wrong, and he diligently used his knowledge to judge others, condemning them for their transgressions. As for himself, he preferred the shade, where no fierce light might beat on his own conscience and disturb his unholy peace. His judgment was spared the pain of dealing with his home offenses by being set to work
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 29: 1883

Tendencies of Religious Thought in England, 1688-1750.
THE thirty years of peace which succeeded the Peace of Utrecht (1714), was the most prosperous season that England had ever experienced; and the progression, though slow, being uniform, the reign of George II. might not disadvantageously be compared for the real happiness of the community with that more brilliant, but uncertain and oscillatory condition which has ensued. A labourer's wages have never for many ages commanded so large a portion of subsistence as in this part of the 18th century.' (Hallam,
Frederick Temple—Essays and Reviews: The Education of the World

Note to the Following Treatise 1. The Following Letter
NOTE TO THE FOLLOWING TREATISE 1. The following Letter, which is the 190th of S. Bernard, was ranked by Horst among the Treatises, on account of its length and importance. It was written on the occasion of the condemnation of the errors of Abaelard by the Council of Sens, in 1140, in the presence of a great number of French Bishops, and of King Louis the Younger, as has been described in the notes to Letter 187. In the Synodical Epistle, which is No. 191 of S. Bernard, and in another, which is No.
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux—Some Letters of Saint Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux

Seances Historiques De Geneve --The National Church.
IN the city of Geneva, once the stronghold of the severest creed of the Reformation, Christianity itself has of late years received some very rude shocks. But special attempts have been recently made to counteract their effects and to re-organize the Christian congregations upon Evangelical principles. In pursuance of this design, there have been delivered and published during the last few years a series of addresses by distinguished persons holding Evangelical sentiments, entitled Séances
Frederick Temple—Essays and Reviews: The Education of the World

Cross References
Luke 1:4
so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught.

Romans 2:19
and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness,

Philippians 1:10
so that you may approve the things that are excellent, in order to be sincere and blameless until the day of Christ;

Jump to Previous
Approve Desires Differ Different Distinctions Essential Excellent Instructed Instruction Judge Law Receives Superior Supreme Test
Jump to Next
Approve Desires Differ Different Distinctions Essential Excellent Instructed Instruction Judge Law Receives Superior Supreme Test
Romans 2:18 NIV
Romans 2:18 NLT
Romans 2:18 ESV
Romans 2:18 NASB
Romans 2:18 KJV

Romans 2:18 Bible Apps
Romans 2:18 Biblia Paralela
Romans 2:18 Chinese Bible
Romans 2:18 French Bible
Romans 2:18 German Bible

Romans 2:18 Commentaries

Bible Hub
Romans 2:17
Top of Page
Top of Page