1 Chronicles 19:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But they fled before Israel, and David killed seven thousand of their charioteers and forty thousand of their foot soldiers. He also killed Shophak the commander of their army.

King James Bible
But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Syrians fled from before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand [in] chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and slew Shophach the captain of the host.

World English Bible
The Syrians fled before Israel; and David killed of the Syrians [the men of] seven thousand chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the army.

Young's Literal Translation
and Aram fleeth from the face of Israel, and David slayeth of Aram seven thousand charioteers, and forty thousand footmen, and Shophach head of the host he hath put to death.

1 Chronicles 19:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Forty thousand footmen - See this number accounted for in the note on 2 Samuel 10:18 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fled before Israel

1 Chronicles 19:13,14 Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God...

Psalm 18:32 It is God that girds me with strength, and makes my way perfect.

Psalm 33:16 There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.

Psalm 46:11 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.

seven thousand chariots;' which difference probably arose from mistaking () {noon final}, which stands for

700, for () zayin, with a dot above, which denotes

7000, or vice versa: the great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other.

footmen If these troops were as we have suppose, a kind of {dismounted cavalry}, the terms {footmen and horsemen} might be indifferently applied to them.

2 Samuel 10:18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen...

horsemen

Library
Chronicles
The comparative indifference with which Chronicles is regarded in modern times by all but professional scholars seems to have been shared by the ancient Jewish church. Though written by the same hand as wrote Ezra-Nehemiah, and forming, together with these books, a continuous history of Judah, it is placed after them in the Hebrew Bible, of which it forms the concluding book; and this no doubt points to the fact that it attained canonical distinction later than they. Nor is this unnatural. The book
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
2 Samuel 10:18
But they fled before Israel, and David killed seven hundred of their charioteers and forty thousand of their foot soldiers. He also struck down Shobak the commander of their army, and he died there.

1 Chronicles 19:17
When David was told of this, he gathered all Israel and crossed the Jordan; he advanced against them and formed his battle lines opposite them. David formed his lines to meet the Arameans in battle, and they fought against him.

1 Chronicles 19:19
When the vassals of Hadadezer saw that they had been routed by Israel, they made peace with David and became subject to him. So the Arameans were not willing to help the Ammonites anymore.

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