1 Chronicles 21:30
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But David could not go before it to inquire of God, because he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

King James Bible
But David could not go before it to inquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.

Darby Bible Translation
But David could not go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of Jehovah.

World English Bible
But David couldn't go before it to inquire of God; for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and David is not able to go before it to seek God, for he hath been afraid because of the sword of the messenger of Jehovah.

1 Chronicles 21:30 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Because of the sword of the angel - This is given as a reason why David built an altar in the threshing-floor of Ornan: he was afraid to go to Gibeon, because of the sword of the destroying angel, or he was afraid of delaying the offerings so long as his going thither would require, lest the destroying angel should in the mean while exterminate the people; therefore he hastily built an altar in that place, and on it made the requisite offerings, and by the fire from heaven God showed that he had accepted his act and his devotion. Such interventions as these must necessarily maintain in the minds of the people a full persuasion of the truth and Divine origin of their religion.

For a more circumstantial account of these transactions, see the notes on 2 Samuel 24:1, Ac., in which several difficulties of the text are removed.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he was afraid

1 Chronicles 21:16 And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven...

1 Chronicles 13:12 And David was afraid of God that day, saying, How shall I bring the ark of God home to me?

Deuteronomy 10:12 And now, Israel, what does the LORD your God require of you, but to fear the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him...

2 Samuel 6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?

Job 13:21 Withdraw your hand far from me: and let not your dread make me afraid.

Job 21:6 Even when I remember I am afraid, and trembling takes hold on my flesh.

Job 23:15 Therefore am I troubled at his presence: when I consider, I am afraid of him.

Psalm 90:11 Who knows the power of your anger? even according to your fear, so is your wrath.

Psalm 119:120 My flesh trembles for fear of you; and I am afraid of your judgments.

Jeremiah 5:22 Fear you not me? said the LORD: will you not tremble at my presence...

Jeremiah 10:7 Who would not fear you, O King of nations? for to you does it appertain: for as much as among all the wise men of the nations...

Hebrews 12:28,29 Why we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear...

Revelation 1:17 And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he laid his right hand on me, saying to me, Fear not; I am the first and the last:

Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear you, O Lord, and glorify your name? for you only are holy: for all nations shall come and worship before you...

"For what the Law could not Do, in that it was Weak through the Flesh, God Sending his Own Son in the Likeness of Sinful Flesh,
Rom. viii. 3.--"For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin condemned sin in the flesh." For what purpose do we meet thus together? I would we knew it,--then it might be to some better purpose. In all other things we are rational, and do nothing of moment without some end and purpose. But, alas! in this matter of greatest moment, our going about divine ordinances, we have scarce any distinct or deliberate
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Hardening in the Sacred Scripture.
"He hath hardened their heart."-- John xii. 40. The Scripture teaches positively that the hardening and "darkening of their foolish heart" is a divine, intentional act. This is plainly evident from God's charge to Moses concerning the king of Egypt: "Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and wonders in the land of Egypt. But Pharaoh shall not harken unto you, and I will lay My hand upon Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know that I am the
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Cross References
1 Chronicles 21:29
The tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were at that time on the high place at Gibeon.

1 Chronicles 22:1
Then David said, "The house of the LORD God is to be here, and also the altar of burnt offering for Israel."

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