1 Chronicles 23:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These were the descendants of Levi by their families--the heads of families as they were registered under their names and counted individually, that is, the workers twenty years old or more who served in the temple of the LORD.

King James Bible
These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted by number of names by their polls, that did the work for the service of the house of the LORD, from the age of twenty years and upward.

Darby Bible Translation
These were the sons of Levi according to their fathers' houses, the chief fathers, as they were reckoned, by number of names by their polls, who did the work of the service of the house of Jehovah, from twenty years old and upward.

World English Bible
These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses of those who were counted individually, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of Yahweh, from twenty years old and upward.

Young's Literal Translation
These are sons of Levi, by the house of their fathers, heads of the fathers, by their appointments, in the number of names, by their polls, doing the work for the service of the house of Jehovah, from a son of twenty years and upward,

1 Chronicles 23:24 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Twenty years and upward - It appears that this was a different ordinance from that mentioned 1 Chronicles 23:3. At first he appointed the Levites to serve from thirty years and upward; now from twenty years. These were David's last orders; see 1 Chronicles 23:27. They should begin at an earlier age, and continue later.

This was not a very painful task; the ark being now fixed, and the Levites very numerous, there could be no drudgery.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the sons of Levi

Numbers 10:17,21 And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle...

after the house

Numbers 1:4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

Numbers 2:32 These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers...

Numbers 3:15,20 Number the children of Levi after the house of their fathers, by their families...

Numbers 4:34-49 And Moses and Aaron and the chief of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites after their families...

by their polls

Numbers 1:4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.

Numbers 2:32 These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers...

Numbers 3:15,20 Number the children of Levi after the house of their fathers, by their families...

Numbers 4:34-49 And Moses and Aaron and the chief of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites after their families...

by their polls

Numbers 1:2,18,22 Take you the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers...

Numbers 3:47 You shall even take five shekels apiece by the poll, after the shekel of the sanctuary shall you take them...

from the age At first David appointed the Levites to serve from thirty years old and upwards; but considering, probably, that the temple which was about to be built, with its courts, chambers, etc., would require a more numerous ministry, he fixed this period, by this subsequent regulation, at twenty years and upwards. In the time of Moses, the age was from thirty years to fifty: here this latter period is not mentioned, probably because the service was not so laborious now; for the ark being fixed, they had no longer any burdens to carry; and therefore even an old man might continue to serve. See the Note on

Numbers 8:24 This is it that belongs to the Levites...

.

Numbers 8:24 This is it that belongs to the Levites...

twenty

1 Chronicles 23:3,27 Now the Levites were numbered from the age of thirty years and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man...

Numbers 1:3 From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

Numbers 4:3 From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host...

Numbers 8:24 This is it that belongs to the Levites...

Ezra 3:8 Now in the second year of their coming to the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel...

Library
Chronicles
The comparative indifference with which Chronicles is regarded in modern times by all but professional scholars seems to have been shared by the ancient Jewish church. Though written by the same hand as wrote Ezra-Nehemiah, and forming, together with these books, a continuous history of Judah, it is placed after them in the Hebrew Bible, of which it forms the concluding book; and this no doubt points to the fact that it attained canonical distinction later than they. Nor is this unnatural. The book
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Numbers 4:3
Count all the men from thirty to fifty years of age who come to serve in the work at the tent of meeting.

Numbers 4:23
Count all the men from thirty to fifty years of age who come to serve in the work at the tent of meeting.

Numbers 4:35
All the men from thirty to fifty years of age who came to serve in the work at the tent of meeting,

Numbers 8:24
"This applies to the Levites: Men twenty-five years old or more shall come to take part in the work at the tent of meeting,

Numbers 10:17
Then the tabernacle was taken down, and the Gershonites and Merarites, who carried it, set out.

Numbers 10:21
Then the Kohathites set out, carrying the holy things. The tabernacle was to be set up before they arrived.

1 Chronicles 23:3
The Levites thirty years old or more were counted, and the total number of men was thirty-eight thousand.

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