1 Chronicles 6:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The sons of Samuel: Joel the firstborn and Abijah the second son.

King James Bible
And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn Vashni, and Abiah.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of Samuel: the firstborn Vashni and Abijah.

World English Bible
The sons of Samuel: the firstborn [Joel], and the second Abijah.

Young's Literal Translation
And sons of Samuel: the first-born Vashni, and the second Abijah.

1 Chronicles 6:28 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The first-born Vashni, and Abiah - There is a great mistake in this verse: in 1 Samuel 8:2 we read, Now the name of his (Samuel's) first-born was Joel; and the name of his second Abiah. The word יואל Joel is lost out of the text in this place, and ושני vesheni, which signifies the second, and which refers to Abiah, is made here into a proper name. The Septuagint, Vulgate, and Chaldee, copy this blunder; but the Syriac and Arabic read as in 1 Samuel 8:2. The MSS. have all copied the corrupted Hebrew in this place. Jarchi labors to restore the true reading, and yet preserve the integrity of the text, by paraphrasing thus: "And the second, (ושני vesheni), in respect of the first, he was Abiah; and the second, in respect of Abiah, he was Joel."

These, Joel and Abiah, were the two sons of Samuel, who administered justice so badly that the people, being oppressed, began to murmur, and demanded a king. See 1 Samuel 8:1, etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


1 Chronicles 5:1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but for as much as he defiled his father's bed...

Leviticus 27:26 Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be the LORD's firstling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep...

Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which has delivered your enemies into your hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

Here there is an ellipsis of the name of the firstborn, which the margin correctly supplies as Joel. The word {Vashni} when otherwise pointed means second, so that the verse more properly reads And the sons of Samuel; the firstborn (Joel) and the second Abiah.

Vashni. i.e., Jah is strong; wherefore, sleep thou; changed; my year; second; liberal gift of the Lord

It appears that the Joel is here lost out of the text; and that {washni}, which signifies and the second, and which refers to Abiah, is made into a proper name. The Syriac and Arabic read as in Samuel. The marginal references contain the variation in the names given to the same persons, in different parts of sacred history, as far as it can be ascertained; and nearly the whole, that is at present known concerning them, may be learned by carefully consulting them.

1 Chronicles 6:33 And these are they that waited with their children. Of the sons of the Kohathites: Heman a singer, the son of Joel, the son of Shemuel,

1 Samuel 8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.


David's Choristers
'They stood in their office, according to their order.'--1 CHRON. vi. 32 (R.V. margin). This brief note is buried in the catalogue of the singers appointed by David for 'the service of song in the house of the Lord.' The waves of their choral praise have long ages since ceased to eddy round the 'tabernacle of the tent of meeting,' and all that is left of their melodious companies is a dry list of names, in spite of which the dead owners of them are nameless. But the chronicler's description of them
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The comparative indifference with which Chronicles is regarded in modern times by all but professional scholars seems to have been shared by the ancient Jewish church. Though written by the same hand as wrote Ezra-Nehemiah, and forming, together with these books, a continuous history of Judah, it is placed after them in the Hebrew Bible, of which it forms the concluding book; and this no doubt points to the fact that it attained canonical distinction later than they. Nor is this unnatural. The book
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Samuel 8:2
The name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second was Abijah, and they served at Beersheba.

1 Chronicles 6:27
Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son and Samuel his son.

1 Chronicles 6:29
The descendants of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son,

1 Chronicles 6:33
Here are the men who served, together with their sons: From the Kohathites: Heman, the musician, the son of Joel, the son of Samuel,

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