1 Samuel 13:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Now a detachment of Philistines had gone out to the pass at Mikmash.

King James Bible
And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

Darby Bible Translation
And a garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

World English Bible
The garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

Young's Literal Translation
And the station of the Philistines goeth out unto the passage of Michmash.

1 Samuel 13:23 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In the day of battle - these was neither sword nor spear - But if the Israelites enjoyed such profound peace and undisturbed dominion under Samuel, how is it that they were totally destitute of arms, a state which argues the lowest circumstances of oppression and vassalage? In answer to this we may observe, that the bow and the sling were the principal arms of the Israelites; for these they needed no smith: the most barbarous nations, who have never seen iron, have nevertheless bows and arrows; the arrow heads generally made of flint. Arrows of this kind are found among the inhabitants of the South Sea islands; and even axes, and different implements of war, all made of stone, cut and polished by stone, are frequent among them. The arms of the aboriginal Irish have been of this kind. I have frequently seen heads of axes and arrows of stone, which have been dug up out of the ground, formed with considerable taste and elegance. The former the common people term thunderbolts; the latter, elf-stones. Several of these from Ireland, from Zetland, and from the South Sea islands, are now before me.

Now it is possible that the Israelites had still bows and arrows: these they could have without the smith; and it is as likely that they had slings, and for these they needed none. But then these were missiles; if they came into close fight, they would avail them nothing: for attacks of this kind they would require swords and spears; of these none were found but with Saul and Jonathan.

We see, in this chapter, Israel brought to as low a state as they were under Eli; when they were totally discomfited, their priests slain, their ark taken, and the judge dead. After that, they rose by the strong hand of God; and in this way they are now to rise, principally by means of David, whose history will soon commence.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

garrison. or, standing camp

1 Samuel 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it...

1 Samuel 14:4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side...


1 Samuel 13:2,5 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel...

1 Samuel 14:1,4,5 Now it came to pass on a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man that bore his armor, Come...

Isaiah 10:28 He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he has laid up his carriages:

The Trial of Saul.
"And Saul said, Bring hither a burnt offering to me, and peace offerings. And he offered the burnt offering."--1 Samuel xiii. 9. We are all on our trial. Every one who lives is on his trial, whether he will serve God or not. And we read in Scripture of many instances of the trials upon which Almighty God puts us His creatures. In the beginning, Adam, when he was first created, was put upon his trial. He was placed in a beautiful garden, he had every thing given him for his pleasure and comfort;
John Henry Newman—Parochial and Plain Sermons, Vol. VIII

Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Samuel 14:1
One day Jonathan son of Saul said to his young armor-bearer, "Come, let's go over to the Philistine outpost on the other side." But he did not tell his father.

1 Samuel 14:4
On each side of the pass that Jonathan intended to cross to reach the Philistine outpost was a cliff; one was called Bozez and the other Seneh.

1 Samuel 14:5
One cliff stood to the north toward Mikmash, the other to the south toward Geba.

2 Samuel 23:14
At that time David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.

Isaiah 10:28
They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Mikmash.

Isaiah 10:29
They go over the pass, and say, "We will camp overnight at Geba." Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees.

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