1 Samuel 20:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then Jonathan gave his weapons to the boy and said, "Go, carry them back to town."

King James Bible
And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, Go, carry them to the city.

World English Bible
Jonathan gave his weapons to his boy, and said to him, "Go, carry them to the city."

Young's Literal Translation
And Jonathan giveth his weapons unto the youth whom he hath, and saith to him, 'Go, carry into the city.'

1 Samuel 20:40 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Jonathan gave his artillery - I believe this to be the only place in our language where the word artillery is not applied to cannon or ordnance. The original (כלי keley) signifies simply instruments, and here means the bow, quiver, and arrows.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

artillery [heb] instruments Rather weapons, as the word kelim also denotes; and here means the bow, quiver, and arrows. This is probably the only place in our language in which the word artillery is not applied to cannon or ordinance, but simply to weapons of war.

his lad [heb] the lad that was his

Library
Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
'And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 2. And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3. And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
1 Samuel 20:39
(The boy knew nothing about all this; only Jonathan and David knew.)

1 Samuel 20:41
After the boy had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone and bowed down before Jonathan three times, with his face to the ground. Then they kissed each other and wept together--but David wept the most.

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