1 Samuel 21:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But the priest answered David, "I don't have any ordinary bread on hand; however, there is some consecrated bread here--provided the men have kept themselves from women."

King James Bible
And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

Darby Bible Translation
And the priest answered David and said, There is no common bread under my hand, but there is holy bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

World English Bible
The priest answered David, and said, "There is no common bread under my hand, but there is holy bread; if only the young men have kept themselves from women."

Young's Literal Translation
And the priest answereth David, and saith, 'There is no common bread under my hand, but there is holy bread; if the youths have been kept only from women.'

1 Samuel 21:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The king hath commanded me a business - All said here is an untruth, and could not be dictated by the Spirit of the Lord; but there is no reason to believe that David was under the influence of Divine inspiration at this time. It is well known that from all antiquity it was held no crime to tell a lie, in order to save life. Thus Diphilus: -

Ὑπολαμβανω το ψευδος επι σωτηριᾳ

Λεγομενον, ουδεν περιποιεισθαι δυσχερες.

"I hold it right to tell a lie, in order to procure my personal safety; nothing should be avoided in order to save life."

A heathen may say or sing thus; but no Christian can act thus, and save his soul, though he by doing so may save his life.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hallowed bread

1 Samuel 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the show bread, that was taken from before the LORD...

Exodus 25:30 And you shall set on the table show bread before me always.

Leviticus 24:5-9 And you shall take fine flour, and bake twelve cakes thereof: two tenth deals shall be in one cake...

Matthew 12:3,4 But he said to them, Have you not read what David did, when he was an hungered, and they that were with him...

if the young

Exodus 19:15 And he said to the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

Zechariah 7:3 And to speak to the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month...

1 Corinthians 7:5 Defraud you not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer...

Library
Historical Criticism of Mediæval Amplifications.
But along with the genuine and trustworthy matter, the compiler has embodied much that is unattested and in many cases inherently improbable, and even some things that are demonstrably untrue. i. The Miraculous Details.--To the category of the improbable--the fiction of hagiology or the growth of myth--belong the miracles so freely ascribed to Ephraim and the miraculous events represented as attending on his career. It is noteworthy that Ephraim himself, though no doubt he believed that he was
Ephraim the Syrian—Hymns and Homilies of Ephraim the Syrian

Touching Jacob, However, that which He did at his Mother's Bidding...
24. Touching Jacob, however, that which he did at his mother's bidding, so as to seem to deceive his father, if with diligence and in faith it be attended to, is no lie, but a mystery. The which if we shall call lies, all parables also, and figures designed for the signifying of any things soever, which are not to be taken according to their proper meaning, but in them is one thing to be understood from another, shall be said to be lies: which be far from us altogether. For he who thinks this, may
St. Augustine—Against Lying

Cross References
Matthew 12:4
He entered the house of God, and he and his companions ate the consecrated bread--which was not lawful for them to do, but only for the priests.

Exodus 19:15
Then he said to the people, "Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations."

Exodus 25:30
Put the bread of the Presence on this table to be before me at all times.

Leviticus 15:18
When a man has sexual relations with a woman and there is an emission of semen, both of them must bathe with water, and they will be unclean till evening.

Leviticus 24:5
"Take the finest flour and bake twelve loaves of bread, using two-tenths of an ephah for each loaf.

1 Samuel 21:3
Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever you can find."

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