New International Version
All those who were in distress or in debt or discontented gathered around him, and he became their commander. About four hundred men were with him.
King James Bible
And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
Darby Bible Translation
And every one in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one of embittered spirit collected round him; and he became a captain over them; and there were with him about four hundred men.
World English Bible
Everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented, gathered themselves to him; and he became captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
Young's Literal Translation
and gather themselves unto him do every man in distress, and every man who hath an exactor, and every man bitter in soul, and he is over them for head, and there are with him about four hundred men.
1 Samuel 22:2 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And every one that was in distress - debt - discontented - It is very possible that these several disaffected and exceptionable characters might at first have supposed that David, unjustly persecuted, would be glad to avail himself of their assistance that he might revenge himself upon Saul, and so they in the mean time might profit by plunder, etc. But if this were their design they were greatly disappointed, for David never made any improper use of them. They are never found plundering or murdering; on the contrary, they always appear under good discipline, and are only employed in services of a beneficent nature, and in defense of their country. Whatever they were before they came to David, we find that he succeeded in civilizing them, and making profitable to the state those who were before unprofitable. It is not necessary to strain the words of the original in order to prove that these were oppressed people, and not exceptionable characters, as some have done.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
was in debt [heb] had a creditor
discontented [heb] bitter of soul
LibraryCovenanting Confers Obligation.
As it has been shown that all duty, and that alone, ought to be vowed to God in covenant, it is manifest that what is lawfully engaged to in swearing by the name of God is enjoined in the moral law, and, because of the authority of that law, ought to be performed as a duty. But it is now to be proved that what is promised to God by vow or oath, ought to be performed also because of the act of Covenanting. The performance of that exercise is commanded, and the same law which enjoins that the duties …
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting
Ramah. Ramathaim Zophim. Gibeah.
1 Samuel 22:3
From there David went to Mizpah in Moab and said to the king of Moab, "Would you let my father and mother come and stay with you until I learn what God will do for me?"
1 Samuel 23:13
So David and his men, about six hundred in number, left Keilah and kept moving from place to place. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he did not go there.
1 Samuel 25:13
David said to his men, "Each of you strap on your sword!" So they did, and David strapped his on as well. About four hundred men went up with David, while two hundred stayed with the supplies.
2 Kings 4:1
The wife of a man from the company of the prophets cried out to Elisha, "Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that he revered the LORD. But now his creditor is coming to take my two boys as his slaves."
Jump to PreviousBitter Captain Collected Debt Discontented Distress Embittered Exactor Head Hundred Leader Resorted Round Soul Spirit Themselves Together Trouble
Jump to NextBitter Captain Collected Debt Discontented Distress Embittered Exactor Head Hundred Leader Resorted Round Soul Spirit Themselves Together Trouble
Links1 Samuel 22:2 NIV
1 Samuel 22:2 NLT
1 Samuel 22:2 ESV
1 Samuel 22:2 NASB
1 Samuel 22:2 KJV
1 Samuel 22:2 Bible Apps
1 Samuel 22:2 Biblia Paralela
1 Samuel 22:2 Chinese Bible
1 Samuel 22:2 French Bible
1 Samuel 22:2 German Bible
1 Samuel 22:2 Commentaries
THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.