1 Samuel 31:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua.

King James Bible
And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines smote Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, Saul's sons.

World English Bible
The Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons; and the Philistines killed Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, the sons of Saul.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Philistines follow Saul and his sons, and the Philistines smite Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Malchishua, sons of Saul.

1 Samuel 31:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons - They, seeing the discomfiture of their troops, were determined to sell their lives as dear as possible, and therefore maintained the battle till the three brothers were slain.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

followed

1 Samuel 14:22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled...

2 Samuel 1:6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance on mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned on his spear; and, see...

Jonathan

1 Samuel 13:2,16 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel...

1 Samuel 14:1-14,49 Now it came to pass on a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man that bore his armor, Come...

1 Samuel 18:1-4 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David...

1 Samuel 23:17 And he said to him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you; and you shall be king over Israel...

1 Chronicles 8:33 And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

1 Chronicles 9:39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

Saul's sons

Exodus 20:5 You shall not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD your God am a jealous God...

2 Kings 25:7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass...

Library
Scythopolis. Beth-Shean, the Beginning of Galilee.
The bonds of Galilee were, "on the south, Samaris and Scythopolis, unto the flood of Jordan." Scythopolis is the same with Beth-shean, of which is no seldom mention in the Holy Scriptures, Joshua 17:11; Judges 1:27; 1 Samuel 31:10. "Bethsaine (saith Josephus), called by the Greeks Scythopolis." It was distant but a little way from Jordan, seated in the entrance to a great valley: for so the same author writes, "Having passed Jordan, they came to a great plain, where lies before you the city Bethsane,"
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
1 Samuel 14:49
Saul's sons were Jonathan, Ishvi and Malki-Shua. The name of his older daughter was Merab, and that of the younger was Michal.

1 Samuel 28:19
The LORD will deliver both Israel and you into the hands of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The LORD will also give the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines."

2 Samuel 1:6
"I happened to be on Mount Gilboa," the young man said, "and there was Saul, leaning on his spear, with the chariots and their drivers in hot pursuit.

1 Chronicles 8:33
Ner was the father of Kish, Kish the father of Saul, and Saul the father of Jonathan, Malki-Shua, Abinadab and Esh-Baal.

1 Chronicles 10:2
The Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua.

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Abinadab Abin'adab Death Follow Followed Hard Jonathan Killed Malchishua Mal'chishu'a Malchi-Shua Malki-Shua Melchishua Overtook Philistines Pressed Saul Saul's Slew Smite
Jump to Next
Abinadab Abin'adab Death Follow Followed Hard Jonathan Killed Malchishua Mal'chishu'a Malchi-Shua Malki-Shua Melchishua Overtook Philistines Pressed Saul Saul's Slew Smite
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