1 Samuel 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield.

King James Bible
And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men.

Darby Bible Translation
And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel; and the battle spread, and Israel was routed before the Philistines; and they slew in battle array in the field about four thousand men.

World English Bible
The Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was struck before the Philistines; and they killed of the army in the field about four thousand men.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Philistines set themselves in array to meet Israel, and the battle spreadeth itself, and Israel is smitten before the Philistines, and they smite among the ranks in the field about four thousand men.

1 Samuel 4:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Put themselves in array - There is no doubt that both the Philistines and Israelites had what might be called the art of war, according to which they marshalled their troops in the field, constructed their camps, and conducted their retreats, sieges, etc.; but we know not the principles on which they acted.

They slew of the army in the field about four thousand men - This must have been a severe conflict, as four thousand were left dead on the field of battle. The contest also must have lasted some considerable time, as these were all slain hand to hand; swords and spears being in all probability the only weapons then used.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

put

1 Samuel 17:8,21 And he stood and cried to the armies of Israel, and said to them, Why are you come out to set your battle in array...

they joined battle [heb] the battle was spread
Israel

Joshua 7:5-8,12 And the men of Ai smote of them about thirty and six men: for they chased them from before the gate even to Shebarim...

Psalm 44:9,10 But you have cast off, and put us to shame; and go not forth with our armies...

and they

Psalm 79:7,8 For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place...

Psalm 106:40,41 Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, so that he abhorred his own inheritance...

Lamentations 3:40 Let us search and try our ways, and turn again to the LORD.

the army [heb] the array

Library
Faithlessness and Defeat
'And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Eben-ezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. 2. And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. 3. And when the people were come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Wherefore hath the Lord smitten us today before the Philistines?
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Form and Spirit of Religion
Now, three points this morning inferred from our narrative. The first point is this--that the outward form of religion is to be carefully and reverently observed. But my second and most important head is this--you will notice that the very men who have the least of the spirit of religion are the most superstitiously observant of the form of it; just as you find the people here, who did not care for God, had a very superstitious regard for that chest called the ark of the covenant. And then, my third
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

Cross References
1 Samuel 4:1
And Samuel's word came to all Israel. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek.

1 Samuel 4:3
When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, "Why did the LORD bring defeat on us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the LORD's covenant from Shiloh, so that he may go with us and save us from the hand of our enemies."

1 Samuel 4:10
So the Philistines fought, and the Israelites were defeated and every man fled to his tent. The slaughter was very great; Israel lost thirty thousand foot soldiers.

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Army Array Battle Defeated Deployed Drew Hard Israel Joined Killed Line Meet Order Overcome Philistines Routed Slew Smite Smitten Spread Spreadeth Struck Sword Themselves Thousand
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Army Array Battle Defeated Deployed Drew Hard Israel Joined Killed Line Meet Order Overcome Philistines Routed Slew Smite Smitten Spread Spreadeth Struck Sword Themselves Thousand
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