2 Chronicles 12:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
With twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen and the innumerable troops of Libyans, Sukkites and Cushites that came with him from Egypt,

King James Bible
With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians.

Darby Bible Translation
with twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen; and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt: Libyans, Sukkites, and Ethiopians.

World English Bible
with twelve hundred chariots, and sixty thousand horsemen. The people were without number who came with him out of Egypt: the Lubim, the Sukkiim, and the Ethiopians.

Young's Literal Translation
with a thousand and two hundred chariots, and with sixty thousand horsemen, and there is no number to the people who have come with him out of Egypt -- Lubim, Sukkiim, and Cushim --

2 Chronicles 12:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Lubims - Supposed to be a people of Libya, adjoining to Egypt; sometimes called Phut in Scripture, as the people are called Lehabim and Ludim.

The Sukkiims - The Troglodytes, a people of Egypt on the coast of the Red Sea. They were called Troglodytes, Τρωγλοδυται, οἱ τας τρωγλας οικουντες, "because they dwelt in caves." - Hesych. This agrees with what Pliny says of them, Troglodytae specus excavant, haec illis domus; "The Troglodytes dig themselves caves; and these serve them for houses." This is not very different from the import of the original name סכיים Sukkiyim, from סכה sachah, to cover or overspread; (hence סוך such, a tabernacle); the people who were covered (emphatically) under the earth. The Septuagint translate by the word Τρωγλοδυται, Troglodytes.

The Ethiopians - כושים Cushim. Various people were called by this name, particularly a people bordering on the northern coast of the Red Sea; but these are supposed to have come from a country of that name on the south of Egypt.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

twelve hundred

Judges 4:13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him...

1 Samuel 13:5 And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots, and six thousand horsemen...

2 Samuel 10:18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen...

without number

2 Chronicles 14:9 And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots...

Judges 6:5 For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude...

Revelation 9:16 And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them.

Lubims Lubim, apparently the same with Lehabim (

Genesis 10:13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

) were probably the ancient inhabitants of Libya, (called Lubi in the Syriac version, Ac.

Genesis 2:10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from there it was parted, and became into four heads.

) a district of Africa, adjoining to Egypt, and extending along the shore of the mediterranean as far as the city of Cyrene.

2 Chronicles 16:8 Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with very many chariots and horsemen? yet, because you did rely on the LORD...

Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league...

Nahum 3:9 Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were your helpers.

the Sukkiims The Sukkiim, (from sachach, `to cover,') are supposed to have been the Troglodites, as the LXX. and Vulgate render, a people of Egypt, on the west of the Read Sea, so called because they dwelt in caves.

Ethiopians These Cushim were probably the inhabitants of Ethiopia, south of Egypt.

2 Chronicles 14:12 So the LORD smote the Ethiopians before Asa, and before Judah; and the Ethiopians fled.

2 Chronicles 16:8 Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with very many chariots and horsemen? yet, because you did rely on the LORD...

Isaiah 43:3 For I am the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel, your Savior: I gave Egypt for your ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for you.

Daniel 11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt...

Nahum 3:9 Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were your helpers.

Cushim

Genesis 10:6-8 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan...

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Contrasted Services
'They shall be his servants: that they may know My service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.'--2 Chron. xii. 8. Rehoboam was a self-willed, godless king who, like some other kings, learned nothing by experience. His kingdom was nearly wrecked at the very beginning of his reign, and was saved much more by the folly of his rival than by his own wisdom. Jeroboam's religious revolution drove all the worshippers of God among the northern kingdom into flight. They might have endured the
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
2 Kings 7:6
for the Lord had caused the Arameans to hear the sound of chariots and horses and a great army, so that they said to one another, "Look, the king of Israel has hired the Hittite and Egyptian kings to attack us!"

2 Chronicles 14:9
Zerah the Cushite marched out against them with an army of thousands upon thousands and three hundred chariots, and came as far as Mareshah.

2 Chronicles 16:8
Were not the Cushites and Libyans a mighty army with great numbers of chariots and horsemen? Yet when you relied on the LORD, he delivered them into your hand.

Daniel 11:43
He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans and Cushites in submission.

Nahum 3:9
Cush and Egypt were her boundless strength; Put and Libya were among her allies.

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