2 Kings 21:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had destroyed; he also erected altars to Baal and made an Asherah pole, as Ahab king of Israel had done. He bowed down to all the starry hosts and worshiped them.

King James Bible
For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

Darby Bible Translation
And he built again the high places that Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars to Baal and made an Asherah, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

World English Bible
For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made an Asherah, as did Ahab king of Israel, and worshiped all the army of the sky, and served them.

Young's Literal Translation
and he turneth and buildeth the high places that Hezekiah his father destroyed, and raiseth altars for Baal, and maketh a shrine, as did Ahab king of Israel, and boweth himself to all the host of the heavens, and serveth them.

2 Kings 21:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Made a grove - He made Asherah, the Babylonian Melitta or Roman Venus. See 2 Kings 17:10, and the observations at the end of that chapter; and see here on 2 Kings 21:7 (note).

Worshipped all the host of heaven - All the stars and planets, but particularly the sun and the moon.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the high places.

2 Kings 18:4,22 He removed the high places, and broke the images, and cut down the groves, and broke in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made...

2 Chronicles 32:12 Has not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying...

2 Chronicles 34:3 For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after the God of David his father...

he reared.

2 Kings 10:18-20 And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said to them, Ahab served Baal a little; but Jehu shall serve him much...

1 Kings 16:31-33 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat...

1 Kings 18:21,26 And Elijah came to all the people, and said, How long halt you between two opinions? if the LORD be God, follow him: but if Baal...

a grove. Rather, as we have before remarked, Asherah or Astarte. So Castel defines Asherah to be {Simulacrum ligneum Astart? dicatum}; 'A wooden image dedicated to Astarte.'

Ahab.

2 Kings 8:18,27 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for the daughter of Ahab was his wife...

Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab, and you walk in their counsels...

and worshipped.

2 Kings 17:16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove...

2 Kings 23:4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door...

Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to heaven, and when you see the sun, and the moon, and the stars, even all the host of heaven...

Deuteronomy 17:3 And has gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven...

2 Chronicles 33:3-5 For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves...

Job 31:26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness;

Library
The Medes and the Second Chaldaean Empire
THE FALL OF NINEVEH AND THE RISE OF THE CHALDAEAN AND MEDIAN EMPIRES--THE XXVIth EGYPTIAN DYNASTY: CYAXARES, ALYATTES, AND NEBUCHADREZZAR. The legendary history of the kings of Media and the first contact of the Medes with the Assyrians: the alleged Iranian migrations of the Avesta--Media-proper, its fauna and flora; Phraortes and the beginning of the Median empire--Persia proper and the Persians; conquest of Persia by the Medes--The last monuments of Assur-bani-pal: the library of Kouyunjik--Phraortes
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 8

Josiah, a Pattern for the Ignorant.
"Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the Lord, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before Me; I also have heard thee, saith the Lord. Behold therefore, I will gather thee unto thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered into thy grave in peace; and thine eyes shall not see all the evil which I will bring upon this place."--2 Kings
John Henry Newman—Parochial and Plain Sermons, Vol. VIII

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:19
And when you look up to the sky and see the sun, the moon and the stars--all the heavenly array--do not be enticed into bowing down to them and worshiping things the LORD your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven.

Deuteronomy 16:21
Do not set up any wooden Asherah pole beside the altar you build to the LORD your God,

Deuteronomy 17:2
If a man or woman living among you in one of the towns the LORD gives you is found doing evil in the eyes of the LORD your God in violation of his covenant,

Deuteronomy 20:18
Otherwise, they will teach you to follow all the detestable things they do in worshiping their gods, and you will sin against the LORD your God.

1 Kings 16:31
He not only considered it trivial to commit the sins of Jeroboam son of Nebat, but he also married Jezebel daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians, and began to serve Baal and worship him.

2 Kings 17:16
They forsook all the commands of the LORD their God and made for themselves two idols cast in the shape of calves, and an Asherah pole. They bowed down to all the starry hosts, and they worshiped Baal.

2 Kings 18:4
He removed the high places, smashed the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles. He broke into pieces the bronze snake Moses had made, for up to that time the Israelites had been burning incense to it. (It was called Nehushtan.)

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