2 Kings 8:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
To this day Edom has been in rebellion against Judah. Libnah revolted at the same time.

King James Bible
Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.

Darby Bible Translation
But the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.

World English Bible
So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah to this day. Then did Libnah revolt at the same time.

Young's Literal Translation
and Edom revolteth from under the hand of Judah till this day; then doth Libnah revolt at that time.

2 Kings 8:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Joram went over to Zair - This is the same as Seir, a chief city of Idumea. So Isaiah 21:11 : The burden of Dumah (Idumea). He calleth to me out of Seir.

Smote the Edomites - It appears that the Israelites were surrounded by the Idumeans; and that in the night Joram and his men cut their way through them, and so got every man to his tent, for they were not able to make any farther head against these enemies; and therefore it is said, that Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Yet. `And so fulfilled'

Genesis 27:40 And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion...

2 Kings 8:20 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

Libnah

2 Kings 19:8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.

Joshua 21:13 Thus they gave to the children of Aaron the priest Hebron with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer...

2 Chronicles 21:10 So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah to this day. The same time also did Libnah revolt from under his hand...

Library
The Story of Hazael
'So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present with him, even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels' burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Ben-hadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this disease? 10. And Elisha said unto him, Go, say unto him, Thou mayest certainly recover: howbeit the Lord hath shewed me that he shall surely die. 11. And he settled his countenance stedfastly, until he was ashamed: and the man of God wept. 12. And Hazael said,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Assyrian Revival and the Struggle for Syria
Assur-nazir-pal (885-860) and Shalmaneser III. (860-825)--The kingdom of Urartu and its conquering princes: Menuas and Argistis. Assyria was the first to reappear on the scene of action. Less hampered by an ancient past than Egypt and Chaldaea, she was the sooner able to recover her strength after any disastrous crisis, and to assume again the offensive along the whole of her frontier line. Image Drawn by Faucher-Gudin, from a bas-relief at Koyunjik of the time of Sennacherib. The initial cut,
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 7

Kings
The book[1] of Kings is strikingly unlike any modern historical narrative. Its comparative brevity, its curious perspective, and-with some brilliant exceptions--its relative monotony, are obvious to the most cursory perusal, and to understand these things is, in large measure, to understand the book. It covers a period of no less than four centuries. Beginning with the death of David and the accession of Solomon (1 Kings i., ii.) it traverses his reign with considerable fulness (1 Kings iii.-xi.),
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 27:40
You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck."

Joshua 21:13
So to the descendants of Aaron the priest they gave Hebron (a city of refuge for one accused of murder), Libnah,

2 Kings 8:20
In the time of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against Judah and set up its own king.

2 Kings 8:23
As for the other events of Jehoram's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?

2 Kings 19:8
When the field commander heard that the king of Assyria had left Lachish, he withdrew and found the king fighting against Libnah.

Jeremiah 52:1
Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem eleven years. His mother's name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah; she was from Libnah.

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