2 Samuel 11:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the palace. From the roof he saw a woman bathing. The woman was very beautiful,

King James Bible
And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.

Darby Bible Translation
And it came to pass at evening time that David arose from off his couch, and walked upon the roof of the king's house; and from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful;

World English Bible
It happened at evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful to look on.

Young's Literal Translation
and it cometh to pass, at evening-time, that David riseth from off his couch, and walketh up and down on the roof of the king's house, and seeth from the roof a woman bathing, and the woman is of very good appearance,

2 Samuel 11:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In an evening-tide - David arose - He had been reposing on the roof of his house, to enjoy the breeze, as the noonday was too hot for the performance of business. This is still a constant custom on the flat-roofed houses in the East.

He saw a woman washing herself - How could any woman of delicacy expose herself where she could be so fully and openly viewed? Did she not know that she was at least in view of the king's terrace? Was there no design in all this? Et fugit ad salices, et se cupit ante videri. In a Bengal town pools of water are to be seen everywhere, and women may be seen morning and evening bathing in them, and carrying water home. Thus David might have seen Bath-sheba, and no blame attach to her.

2 Samuel 11:4 shows us that this washing was at the termination of a particular period.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

arose from

2 Samuel 4:5,7 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth...

Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casts into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.

Proverbs 24:33,34 Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep...

Matthew 26:40,41 And he comes to the disciples, and finds them asleep, and said to Peter, What, could you not watch with me one hour...

1 Thessalonians 5:6,7 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober...

1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be you therefore sober, and watch to prayer.

the roof of

Deuteronomy 22:8 When you build a new house, then you shall make a battlement for your roof, that you bring not blood on your house...

Jeremiah 19:13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet...

Matthew 10:27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak you in light: and what you hear in the ear, that preach you on the housetops.

Acts 10:9 On the morrow, as they went on their journey, and drew near to the city, Peter went up on the housetop to pray about the sixth hour:

he saw

Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise...

Genesis 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Genesis 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her.

Job 31:1 I made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I think on a maid?

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Matthew 5:28 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.

1 John 2:16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father...

very beautiful

Genesis 39:6 And he left all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat...

Proverbs 6:25 Lust not after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take you with her eyelids.

Proverbs 31:30 Favor is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that fears the LORD, she shall be praised.

Library
David's Fall 2Sam 11:27

John Newton—Olney Hymns

Samuel
Alike from the literary and the historical point of view, the book[1] of Samuel stands midway between the book of Judges and the book of Kings. As we have already seen, the Deuteronomic book of Judges in all probability ran into Samuel and ended in ch. xii.; while the story of David, begun in Samuel, embraces the first two chapters of the first book of Kings. The book of Samuel is not very happily named, as much of it is devoted to Saul and the greater part to David; yet it is not altogether inappropriate,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Matthew 5:28
But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.

Matthew 24:17
Let no one on the housetop go down to take anything out of the house.

Acts 10:9
About noon the following day as they were on their journey and approaching the city, Peter went up on the roof to pray.

Deuteronomy 22:8
When you build a new house, make a parapet around your roof so that you may not bring the guilt of bloodshed on your house if someone falls from the roof.

1 Samuel 9:25
After they came down from the high place to the town, Samuel talked with Saul on the roof of his house.

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