2 Samuel 20:15
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All the troops with Joab came and besieged Sheba in Abel Beth Maakah. They built a siege ramp up to the city, and it stood against the outer fortifications. While they were battering the wall to bring it down,

King James Bible
And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.

Darby Bible Translation
And they came and besieged him in Abel-Beth-Maacah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it was raised in the trench; and all the people that were with Joab sapped the wall, to throw it down.

World English Bible
They came and besieged him in Abel of Beth Maacah, and they cast up a mound against the city, and it stood against the rampart; and all the people who were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.

Young's Literal Translation
and they go in and lay siege against him, in Abel of Beth-Maachah, and cast up a mount against the city, and it standeth in a trench, and all the people who are are with Joab are destroying, to cause the wall to fall.

2 Samuel 20:15 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

They cast up a bank against the city - The word סללה solelah, which we render bank, means, most probably, a battering engine of some kind, or a tower overlooking the walls, on which archers and slingers could stand and annoy the inhabitants, while others of the besiegers could proceed to sap the walls. That it cannot be a bank that stood in the trench, is evident from the circumstance thus expressed.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

cast up

2 Kings 19:32 Therefore thus said the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there...

Jeremiah 32:24 Behold the mounts, they are come to the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans, that fight against it...

Jeremiah 33:4 For thus said the LORD, the God of Israel, concerning the houses of this city, and concerning the houses of the kings of Judah...

Luke 19:43 For the days shall come on you, that your enemies shall cast a trench about you, and compass you round, and keep you in on every side,

a bank So LXX. generally render {solelah}, by (); which latter is described by Potter as `a mount, which was raised so high as to equal, if not exceed, the top of the besieged walls. The sides were walled in with bricks or stones, or secured with strong rafters; the fore part only, {being by degrees to be moved near the walls,} remained bare.'

it stood in the trench or, it stood against the outmost wall

battered, etc. [heb]
mared?? to throw down

Library
Appendix 2 Extracts from the Babylon Talmud
Massecheth Berachoth, or Tractate on Benedictions [76] Mishnah--From what time is the "Shema" said in the evening? From the hour that the priests entered to eat of their therumah [77] until the end of the first night watch. [78] These are the words of Rabbi Eliezer. But the sages say: Till midnight. Rabban Gamaliel says: Until the column of the morning (the dawn) rises. It happened, that his sons came back from a banquet. They said to him: "We have not said the Shema.'" He said to them, "If the column
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
2 Samuel 20:14
Sheba passed through all the tribes of Israel to Abel Beth Maakah and through the entire region of the Bikrites, who gathered together and followed him.

1 Kings 15:20
Ben-Hadad agreed with King Asa and sent the commanders of his forces against the towns of Israel. He conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maakah and all Kinnereth in addition to Naphtali.

2 Kings 15:29
In the time of Pekah king of Israel, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel Beth Maakah, Janoah, Kedesh and Hazor. He took Gilead and Galilee, including all the land of Naphtali, and deported the people to Assyria.

2 Kings 19:32
"Therefore this is what the LORD says concerning the king of Assyria: "'He will not enter this city or shoot an arrow here. He will not come before it with shield or build a siege ramp against it.

Ezekiel 4:2
Then lay siege to it: Erect siege works against it, build a ramp up to it, set up camps against it and put battering rams around it.

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Abel Bank Battered Besieged Best Beth Beth-Maacah Bethmaachah Beth-Maachah Built Cast City Destruction Earthwork Joab Jo'ab Joab's Maacah Moat Mound Order Outer Ramp Rampart Sheba Siege Stood Throw Trench Wall
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