Acts 12:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Immediately, because Herod did not give praise to God, an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and died.

King James Bible
And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

Darby Bible Translation
And immediately an angel of [the] Lord smote him, because he did not give the glory to God, and he expired, eaten of worms.

World English Bible
Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him, because he didn't give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and died.

Young's Literal Translation
and presently there smote him a messenger of the Lord, because he did not give the glory to God, and having been eaten of worms, he expired.

Acts 12:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The angel of the Lord smote him - His death was most evidently a judgment from God.

Because he gave not God the glory - He did not rebuke his flatterers, but permitted them to give him that honor that was due to God alone. See on Acts 12:21 (note).

And was eaten of worms - Whether this was the morbus pedicularis, or whether a violent inflammation of his bowels, terminating in putrefaction, did not actually produce worms, which, for several days, swarmed in his infected entrails, we cannot tell. It is most likely that this latter was the case; and this is at once more agreeable to the letter of the text, and to the circumstances of the case as related by Josephus.

And gave up the ghost - That is, he died of the disorder by which he was then seized, after having lingered, in excruciating torments, for five days, as Josephus has stated. Antiochus Epiphanes and Herod the Great died of the same kind of disease. See the observations at the end of Acts 1:26 (note) relative to the death of Judas.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the angel.

Exodus 12:12,23,29 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast...

1 Samuel 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.

2 Samuel 24:17 And David spoke to the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, See, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly...

1 Chronicles 21:14-18 So the LORD sent pestilence on Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men...

2 Chronicles 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valor, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria...

because.

Acts 10:25,26 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped him...

Acts 14:14,15 Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out...

Exodus 9:17 As yet exalt you yourself against my people, that you will not let them go?

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

Psalm 115:1 Not to us, O LORD, not to us, but to your name give glory, for your mercy, and for your truth's sake.

Isaiah 37:23 Whom have you reproached and blasphemed? and against whom have you exalted your voice, and lifted up your eyes on high?...

Ezekiel 28:2,9 Son of man, say to the prince of Tyrus, Thus said the Lord GOD; Because your heart is lifted up, and you have said, I am a God...

Daniel 4:30-37 The king spoke, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power...

Daniel 5:18-24 O you king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar your father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor...

Luke 12:47,48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will...

2 Thessalonians 2:4 Who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sits in the temple of God...

and he.

2 Chronicles 21:18,19 And after all this the LORD smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease...

Job 7:5 My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.

Job 19:26 And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:

Isaiah 14:11 Your pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of your viols: the worm is spread under you, and the worms cover you.

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever...

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look on the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die...

Mark 9:44-48 Where their worm dies not, and the fire is not quenched...

Library
Hebrew and Greek Text.
We now pass from what may be called the outward history of the Revision to the inward nature and character of the work of the Revisers, and may naturally divide that work into two portions--their labours as regards the original text, and their labours in regard of rendering and translation. I. First, then, as regards the original text of the Old Testament. Here the work of the Old Testament Company was very slight as compared with that of the New Testament Company. The latter Company had, almost
C. J. Ellicott—Addresses on the Revised Version of Holy Scripture

Peter after his Escape
'But he, beckoning unto them with the hand to hold their peace, declared unto them how the Lord had brought him forth out of the prison. And he said, Go shew these things unto James, and to the brethren, And he departed, and went into another place.' --ACTS xii. 17. When the angel 'departed from him,' Peter had to fall back on his own wits, and they served him well. He 'considered the thing,' and resolved to make for the house of Mary. He does not seem to have intended to remain there, so dangerously
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts

Delivered from Prison
"Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church." The government of Judea was then in the hands of Herod Agrippa, subject to Claudius, the Roman emperor. Herod also held the position of tetrarch of Galilee. He was professedly a proselyte to the Jewish faith, and apparently very zealous in carrying out the ceremonies of the Jewish law. Desirous of obtaining the favor of the Jews, hoping thus to make secure his offices and honors, he proceeded to carry out
Ellen Gould White—The Acts of the Apostles

How the Gospels came to be Written
[Illustration: (drop cap B) Early Christian Lamp] But how did the story of the Saviour's life on earth come to be written? We have seen that many years passed before any one thought of writing it down at all. The men and women who had really seen Him, who had listened to His voice, looked into His face, and who knew that He had conquered death and sin for evermore, could not sit down to write, for their hearts were all on fire to speak. But as the years passed, the number of those who had seen Christ
Mildred Duff—The Bible in its Making

Cross References
2 Samuel 24:16
When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, "Enough! Withdraw your hand." The angel of the LORD was then at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.

2 Kings 19:35
That night the angel of the LORD went out and put to death a hundred and eighty-five thousand in the Assyrian camp. When the people got up the next morning--there were all the dead bodies!

Acts 5:19
But during the night an angel of the Lord opened the doors of the jail and brought them out.

Acts 12:22
They shouted, "This is the voice of a god, not of a man."

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