New International Version
So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off.
King James Bible
And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.
Darby Bible Translation
Then, having fasted and prayed, and having laid [their] hands on them, they let [them] go.
World English Bible
Then, when they had fasted and prayed and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.
Young's Literal Translation
then having fasted, and having prayed, and having laid the hands on them, they sent them away.
Acts 13:3 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them -
1. They fasted: this was probably done by the whole Church.
2. They prayed, that God would bless and prosper them in their work.
3. They land hands upon them; thus solemnly appointing them to that particular work.
But was it by this fasting, praying, and imposition of hands that these men were qualified for this work? No. God had already called them to it, Acts 13:2, and he who called them had qualified them. Both their call and their qualification came from God; but he chose that they should have also the sanction of that Church of which they had been members; and therefore he said, Separate me, etc. The ordination of elders among the Jews was by three persons; and here we find three, Simeon, Lucius, and Manaen, ordaining two others, Barnabas and Saul. But how did the Jews ordain? Not by imposition of hands: this is strictly forbidden, see Maimon. Sanh. chap. 4. "After what manner is the ordaining of elders for ever? Not that they should lay their hands on the head of an elder; but only that they should call him Rabbi, and say to him, Behold, thou art ordained, and hast power of judging, etc." It is remarkable that the imposition of hands in the ordaining of elders was not used among the ancient Jews, probably never under the first temple; and rarely, if ever, under the second. See Lightfoot on this place. The Church at Antioch, however, did depart from this custom: they put their hands on the heads of Barnabas and Saul; thus designating them to be the persons whom they, under the direction of the Holy Spirit, sent to preach the Gospel of Christ to the heathen.
When the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them, and the elders of the Church, in consequence, prayed, fasted, and laid their hands upon them, they certainly understood that by acting thus they fulfilled the mind of the Spirit. Hence, is it not evident that, when the elders of the Church of God have good reason to believe that He has called certain persons to the work of the ministry, and qualified them for that work, they should proceed as the elders of the Church of Antioch did; and by fasting, prayer, and imposition of hands, separate those persons for the work whereunto God has called them. Such persons will consider themselves accountable to God and his Church, and should take care how they use the gift and authority received from both. Is it not being wise above what is written to say, "When God has called and given authority, there is no need of ordination or appointment from man?" I would just ask the objector, Why, then, when God had called Barnabas and Saul to the work, did he command the Church to separate them to him for that very work? And why did they, in obedience, fast, pray, and lay hands upon them? I shall dispute with no man about the superior excellence of the episcopal or presbyterian form in ordination: if all the preliminaries be right, they may be both equally good, for all that I have ever been able to learn to the contrary; but that there should be some proper scriptural form attended to, I am fully satisfied. Besides, if the plan of the Church at Antioch were regularly and faithfully followed, in sending forth the ministers of the Gospel, no man can prove that God would not own them in an especial manner, and more particularly prosper their work. But, O ye rulers of the Church! be careful, as ye shall answer it to God, never to lay hands on the head of a man whom ye have not just reason to believe God has called to the work; and whose eye is single, and whose heart is pure. Let none be sent to teach Christianity, who have not experienced it to be the power of God to the salvation of their own souls. If ye do, though they have your authority, they never can have the blessing nor the approbation of God. "I sent them not: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the Lord." Jeremiah 23:32.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Text: Acts 13, 26-39. 26 Brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and those among you that fear God, to us is the word of this salvation sent forth. 27 For they that dwell in Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew him not, nor the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath, fulfilled them by condemning him. 28 And though they found no cause of death in him, yet asked they of Pilate that he should be slain. 29 And when they had fulfilled all things that were written of him, they …
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. II
'Full of the Holy Ghost'
Ninth Day for God's Spirit on Our Mission Work
Separated unto the Holy Ghost
and then was a widow until she was eighty-four. She never left the temple but worshiped night and day, fasting and praying.
Then they prayed, "Lord, you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen
They presented these men to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them.
The two of them, sent on their way by the Holy Spirit, went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus.
Paul and Barnabas appointed elders for them in each church and, with prayer and fasting, committed them to the Lord, in whom they had put their trust.
From Attalia they sailed back to Antioch, where they had been committed to the grace of God for the work they had now completed.
Jump to PreviousFasted Fasting Food Hands Laid Placed Prayed Prayer Praying
Jump to NextFasted Fasting Food Hands Laid Placed Prayed Prayer Praying
LinksActs 13:3 NIV
Acts 13:3 NLT
Acts 13:3 ESV
Acts 13:3 NASB
Acts 13:3 KJV
Acts 13:3 Bible Apps
Acts 13:3 Biblia Paralela
Acts 13:3 Chinese Bible
Acts 13:3 French Bible
Acts 13:3 German Bible
Acts 13:3 Commentaries
THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.