Acts 19:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But some of them became obstinate; they refused to believe and publicly maligned the Way. So Paul left them. He took the disciples with him and had discussions daily in the lecture hall of Tyrannus.

King James Bible
But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

Darby Bible Translation
But when some were hardened and disbelieved, speaking evil of the way before the multitude, he left them and separated the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus.

World English Bible
But when some were hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus.

Young's Literal Translation
and when certain were hardened and were disbelieving, speaking evil of the way before the multitude, having departed from them, he did separate the disciples, every day reasoning in the school of a certain Tyrannus.

Acts 19:9 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

When divers were hardened - Τινες, When some of them were hardened; several no doubt felt the power of Divine truth, and yielded consent. Our term divers, one of the most bald in our language, has too general a meaning for this place.

Behold the effect of the word of God! It is a savour of life unto life, or death unto death, according as it is received or rejected. The twelve men mentioned above received it affectionately, and they were made partakers of the Holy Ghost; the others were hardened, for they refused to believe; and they calumniated the doctrine, and became Satan's preachers among the multitude, to prejudice them against Christ and his religion.

Separated the disciples - Paul, and those converted under his ministry, had doubtless been in the habit of attending public worship in the synagogue: but, on the persecuting conduct of these Jews; he and his converts wholly withdrew from the synagogue, and took a place for themselves; and constantly afterwards held their own meetings at a school room, which they hired no doubt for the purpose.

The school of one Tyrannus - For σχολῃ, the school, one MS. has συναγωγῃ, the synagogue; and, for Tyrannus, some have Tyrannios. Some have considered the original word as being an epithet, rather than the name of a person; and think that a prince or nobleman is intended, because τυραννος, tyrant, is taken in this sense: but this is a most unlikely conjecture. It appears that the person in question was a schoolmaster, and that he lent or hired his room to the apostles; and that they preached daily in it to as many, both Jews and Gentiles, as chose to attend. It is very likely that Tyrannus was a Jew, and was at least well affected to the Christian cause; for we have many proofs that individuals among them kept schools for the instruction of their youth; besides the schools or academies kept by the more celebrated rabbins. See Schoettgen and Vitringa. The school of Tyrannus might have been such a place as Exeter Hall, and such like places for public and especially for extraordinary religious meetings in London.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Cir. A.M.


A.D.57 divers.

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do you.

Acts 13:45,46 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spoke against those things which were spoken by Paul...

Acts 18:6 And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said to them, Your blood be on your own heads; I am clean...

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers...

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary...

2 Chronicles 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets...

Nehemiah 9:16,17,29 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments...

Psalm 95:8 Harden not your heart, as in the provocation, and as in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Isaiah 8:14 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offense to both the houses of Israel...

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Jeremiah 19:15 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold...

John 12:40 He has blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart...

Romans 9:18 Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

Romans 11:7 What then? Israel has not obtained that which he seeks for; but the election has obtained it, and the rest were blinded.


Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.

but spake.

Acts 19:23 And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.

Acts 9:2 And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues, that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women...

Acts 22:4 And I persecuted this way to the death, binding and delivering into prisons both men and women.

Acts 24:21 Except it be for this one voice, that I cried standing among them...

Acts 28:22 But we desire to hear of you what you think: for as concerning this sect, we know that every where it is spoken against.

2 Timothy 1:15 This you know, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.

2 Peter 2:2,12 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of...

Jude 1:10 But these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts...

he departed.

Acts 14:4 But the multitude of the city was divided: and part held with the Jews, and part with the apostles.

Acts 17:4 And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout Greeks a great multitude...

Acts 18:7,8 And he departed there, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God...

Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.

Matthew 16:4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas...

Luke 12:51-53 Suppose you that I am come to give peace on earth? I tell you, No; but rather division...

1 Timothy 6:5 Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw yourself.

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.


Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

Proverbs 8:34 Blessed is the man that hears me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.

Matthew 26:55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are you come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me?...

2 Timothy 4:2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all long-suffering and doctrine.

Would-Be Exorcists
'...Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are ye?' --ACTS xix. 15. These exorcists had no personal union with Jesus. To them He was only 'Jesus whom Paul preached.' They spoke His name tentatively, as an experiment, and imitatively. To command 'in the name of Jesus' was an appeal to Jesus to glorify His name and exert His power, and so when the speaker had no real faith in the name or the power, there was no answer, because there was really no appeal. I. The only power which can cast out the evil
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture: The Acts

Have you received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? It appears, by what follows these words, that the question here related especially to those gifts of the Holy Ghost which were given, in the first age of the church, as a sign of God's power, and a witness that the work of the gospel was from God. Yet although this be so, and therefore the words, in this particular sense, cannot to any good purpose be asked now; yet there is another sense, and that not a lower but a far higher one, in which we
Thomas Arnold—The Christian Life

The Scriptures
Q-II: WHAT RULE HAS GOD GIVEN TO DIRECT US HOW WE MAY GLORIFY AND ENJOY HIM? A: The Word of God, which is contained in the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him. 2 Tim 3:16. All Scripture is given by inspiration of God,' By Scripture is understood the sacred Book of God. It is given by divine inspiration; that is, the Scripture is not the contrivance of man's brain, but is divine in its origin. The image of Diana was had in veneration
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Christ's Exaltation
'Wherefore God also has highly exalted him, and given him a name above every name, &c.' Phil 2:2. We have before spoken of Christ's humiliation; we shall now speak of his exaltation. Before you saw the Sun of Righteousness in the eclipse; now you shall see it coming out of the eclipse, and shining in its full glory. Wherefore God has highly exalted him;' super exaltavit, Ambrose. Above all exaltation.' Q-28: WHEREIN CONSISTS CHRIST'S EXALTATION? A: In his rising from the dead, his ascending into
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Acts 9:2
and asked him for letters to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any there who belonged to the Way, whether men or women, he might take them as prisoners to Jerusalem.

Acts 11:26
and when he found him, he brought him to Antioch. So for a whole year Barnabas and Saul met with the church and taught great numbers of people. The disciples were called Christians first at Antioch.

Acts 13:46
Then Paul and Barnabas answered them boldly: "We had to speak the word of God to you first. Since you reject it and do not consider yourselves worthy of eternal life, we now turn to the Gentiles.

Acts 14:4
The people of the city were divided; some sided with the Jews, others with the apostles.

Acts 19:23
About that time there arose a great disturbance about the Way.

Acts 19:30
Paul wanted to appear before the crowd, but the disciples would not let him.

1 Corinthians 16:9
because a great door for effective work has opened to me, and there are many who oppose me.

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Argued Believed Congregation Daily Departed Disbelieved Disciples Discussions Disobedient Disputing Divers Evil Faith Grew Hall Hardened Held Maligned Multitude New Obstinate Paul Publicly Reasoning Refused School Separated Speaking Stubborn Unbelief Way Withdrew
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Argued Believed Congregation Daily Departed Disbelieved Disciples Discussions Disobedient Disputing Divers Evil Faith Grew Hall Hardened Held Maligned Multitude New Obstinate Paul Publicly Reasoning Refused School Separated Speaking Stubborn Unbelief Way Withdrew
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