New International Version
This is the rule concerning anyone who kills a person and flees there for safety--anyone who kills a neighbor unintentionally, without malice aforethought.
King James Bible
And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;
Darby Bible Translation
And this is the case of the slayer who shall flee thither that he may live: he that smiteth his neighbour unwittingly, whom he hated not previously;
World English Bible
This is the case of the manslayer, that shall flee there and live: whoever kills his neighbor unawares, and didn't hate him in time past;
Young's Literal Translation
And this is the matter of the man-slayer who fleeth thither, and hath lived: He who smiteth his neighbour unknowingly, and is not hating him heretofore,
Deuteronomy 19:4 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Thou shalt prepare thee a way - The Jews inform us that the roads to the cities of refuge were made very broad, thirty-two cubits; and even, so that there should be no impediments in the way; and were constantly kept in good repair.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
in time past [heb] from yesterday to the third day
LibraryThe Cities of Refuge
'The Lord also spake unto Joshua, saying, 2. Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses: 3. That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. 4. And when he that doth flee unto one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
What the Ruler's Discrimination Should be Between Correction and Connivance, Between Fervour and Gentleness.
Then the LORD said to Moses:
They will be places of refuge from the avenger, so that anyone accused of murder may not die before they stand trial before the assembly.
Determine the distances involved and divide into three parts the land the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, so that a person who kills someone may flee for refuge to one of these cities.
For instance, a man may go into the forest with his neighbor to cut wood, and as he swings his ax to fell a tree, the head may fly off and hit his neighbor and kill him. That man may flee to one of these cities and save his life.
2 Samuel 14:11
She said, "Then let the king invoke the LORD his God to prevent the avenger of blood from adding to the destruction, so that my son will not be destroyed." "As surely as the LORD lives," he said, "not one hair of your son's head will fall to the ground."
Jump to PreviousAforethought Case Causing Error Hate Hated Hating Ignorantly Killeth Kills Live Malice Manslayer Man-Slayer Matter Neighbor Neighbour Past Previously Provision Rule Save Slayer Smiteth Thither Time Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
Jump to NextAforethought Case Causing Error Hate Hated Hating Ignorantly Killeth Kills Live Malice Manslayer Man-Slayer Matter Neighbor Neighbour Past Previously Provision Rule Save Slayer Smiteth Thither Time Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
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