New International Version
When you march up to attack a city, make its people an offer of peace.
King James Bible
When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.
Darby Bible Translation
When thou approachest unto a city to fight against it, thou shalt proclaim peace unto it.
World English Bible
When you draw near to a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace to it.
Young's Literal Translation
'When thou drawest near unto a city to fight against it, then thou hast called unto it for Peace,
Deuteronomy 20:10 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Proclaim peace unto it - Interpreters are greatly divided concerning the objects of this law. The text, taken in connection with the context, (see Deuteronomy 20:15-18), appears to state that this proclamation or offer of peace to a city is only to be understood of those cities which were situated beyond the limits of the seven anathematized nations, because these latter are commanded to be totally destroyed. Nothing can be clearer than this from the bare letter of the text, unless some of the words, taken separately, can be shown to have a different meaning. For the common interpretation, the following reasons are given.
God, who knows all things, saw that they were incurable in their idolatry; that the cup of their iniquity was full; and as their Creator, Sovereign, and Judge, he determined to destroy them from off the face of the earth, "lest they should teach the Israelites to do after all their abominations," Deuteronomy 20:18. After all, many plausible arguments have been brought to prove that even these seven Canaanitish nations might be received into mercy, provided they,
1. Renounced their idolatry;
2. Became subject to the Jews; and,
3. Paid annual tribute: and that it was only in case these terms were rejected, that they were not to leave alive in such a city any thing that breathed, Deuteronomy 20:16.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Library'Fit, Though Few'
'Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley. 2. And the Lord said unto Gideon, The people that are with thee are too many for Me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against Me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me. 3. Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
When the officers have finished speaking to the army, they shall appoint commanders over it.
If they accept and open their gates, all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you.
Then the whole assembly sent an offer of peace to the Benjamites at the rock of Rimmon.
2 Samuel 20:19
We are the peaceful and faithful in Israel. You are trying to destroy a city that is a mother in Israel. Why do you want to swallow up the LORD's inheritance?"
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